india-china-mongolia-stans-central-asia-himalayas-southeast-asia-indonesia-australia-south-pacific-oceania-alpine-mountains-carpathian-mountains-united-kingdom-baltics-scandinavia-russia-north-polar-pole-south-pole-arctic-antarctica-canada-caribbean-south-america-americas-central-america-africa-south-africa-west-africa-central-africa-east-africa-indian-ocean-red-sea-north-africa-mediterranean-persian-gulf-europe-italy-southern-europe-greece-adriatic-caucasus-caspian-black-sea-turkey-istanbul-anatolia/ Letters from Everywhere The true story of Woni Spotts’ historic travels to every country and continent. Written by Woni Spotts BACK COVER A child of Hollywood entertainers, Woni Spotts visited hundreds of locations. In 2018, she became the first Black woman to step foot in every country and continent on earth. Letters from everywhere is a memoir wrapped in a poetic love letter to the world,

with historical highlights from near and far. There are thousands of destinations from seven continents in the travel directory. With art on every page, Woni Spotts shares a private collection of travel ideas for smooth sailing, riding, and flying. Travel with Woni to …. India China Mongolia Central Asia/“The Stans” Himalayas Southeast Asia Indonesia Australia The South Pacific/ Oceania The Americas The United States Central America South America Caribbean Canada Africa South Africa West Africa Central Africa East Africa/ Islands/Indian Ocean Horn Of Africa/Red Sea North Africa/Mediterranean/Persian Gulf Europe And Polar Regions Italy Southern Europe/Mediterranean Greece/Aegean Sea Balkans/Adriatic Sea Caucasus Mountains/Caspian Sea/Black Sea Turkey/Istanbul/Anatolia Alpine Mountains Carpathian Mountains The United Kingdom Baltics Scandinavia Russia North Pole/South Pole Topics covered: Solo Travel Inspiration Wellness Exploring for World History Wanderlust Homesickness Flights Hotels Travel Planning International Journeys Driving Passports Tour Guides Best Vacation Destinations and Settings Squat Toilets Foul Weather Carry-On Vs Checked Baggage Packing Vaccinations Language Barriers Food from Around the World Culture Shock Ethical Wildlife Encounters Travel provided by Jacada Travel, Abercrombie and Kent, Steppes Travel, Kensington Tours, Enchanting Travels, and TCS Around the World by Private Jet. WONISPOTTS@GMAIL.COM TWITTER @WONISPOTTS.COM FACEBOOK WONI SPOTTS INSTAGRAM WONISPOTTS WONISPOTTS.COM FACING PAGE Category Travel General World history Keywords travel inspiration around the world adventures journey memoir journaling writing book photography solo antarctica north pole polar exploration expedition free cheap europe asia africa south pacific america african egyptian black history greco italy tourism golden age hollywood entertainment music jazz nostalgia life changing experiences spirituality meditation vegan COPYRIGHT ISBN: TBP Letters from Everywhere The true story of Woni Spotts’ historic travels to every country and continent Copyright © 2020 Woni Spotts All rights are reserved by the author. No parts of the book or manuscript may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, mechanical, electronic, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission from the author. Dedication To my beloved parents, thank you for bringing me into your beautiful lives. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. FRONT COVER AND TITLE 2. FACING PAGE 3. COPYRIGHT 4. DEDICATION 5-6. TABLE OF CONTENTS 7. HOLLYWOOD 8. ROGER HAMILTON SPOTTS 9. BETTY SPOTTS 10. IT’S A GIRL! 11. WONI SPOTTS 12. FOOD FOOD FOOD 13. AND MORE FOOD 14. DRIVING LITTLE MISS CRAZY 15. ROGER AND WONI 16. BEAUTY AND STRENGTH 17. NIVA RUSCHELL AND CAPRICE CLARKE 18. THE PHILADELPHIA SOUND 19. FAY AND FAMILY 20. NEVER A VICTIM 21. FIRST LOVE 22. THE DOCUMENTARY  23-24. THE CARIBBEAN  25. CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA 26. WARNING 27. THE OLMEC 28. ANCIENT AFRICANS IN THE AMERICAS 29. ON TO THE STORY 30. ADIOS AMERICAS 31. BULLY BOOMERANG 32. AAAH ASIA 33. JAPAN AND EAST ASIA 34. SOUTHEAST ASIA 35. NORTH AND CENTRAL ASIA 36. SEA OF STARS AND THE SOUTH PACIFIC 37. FOOD FROM ASIA 38. WARNING 39. ANCIENT AFRICANS IN ASIA 40. DEATH IN ASIA 41. ON TO THE STORY 42. SCHOOL SHOPPING 43. JAM SESSION 44. THE COUNTRY CLIQUE 45. ROGERS RECORDINGS 46. INTO AFRICA 47. SOUTH AFRICA 48. THE KHOISAN 49. THE ORIGINALS 50. ANCIENT AFRICANS IN HISTORY 51. SOUTHEAST AFRICA 52. THE AFRICAN COASTS AND ISLANDS 53. YEMEN AND THE HORN OF AFRICA  54. NORTH AFRICA 55. FOOD FROM THE MEDITERRANEAN 56. CENTRAL AFRICA 57. WEST AFRICA CLOSE-UP 58. POVERTY BY DESIGN 59. WEST AFRICA THROUGH THE DOOR 60. WARNING 61. ENSLAVED 62. PHOENIX RISING 63. ON TO THE STORY 64. THE FENDER RHODES 65. GODZILLA VS THE GHETTO 66. EUROPE 67. SPAIN, MALTA, AND ANDORRA  68. PORTUGAL 69. BALTICS…BALKANS…ADRIATIC SEA 70. RUSSIA AND NORTHERN EUROPE 71. THE NORTH POLE AND LAPLAND 72. CENTRAL AND WESTERN EUROPE 73. GERMANY 74. FOOD FROM EUROPE AND BEYOND 75. WARNING 76-77. A GRIM TALE 78. A HOLOCAUST IN EUROPE 79. ON TO THE STORY 80. THE BLUE LETTERS 81. HEARTBREAKERS          82. FALLING TEARS 83. FOUR SEASONS 84. A BITE OF THE BIG APPLE 85. BELONGING IN FRANCE AND MONACO 86. SOLO TRAVELER 87. WALKABOUT AROUND THE WORLD  88. THE MAYA CIVILIZATION 89. CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA 90. FOOD FROM SOUTH OF THE BORDER 91. ANTARCTICA 92. COMPASS EAST 93. INDIA 94. EGYPT AND JORDAN  95. MOROCCO 96. SAFARI 97. TANZANIA  98. ICELAND AND GREENLAND 99. THE UNITED KINGDOM 100. FOOD FROM THE UNITED KINGDOM 101. THE OTTOMAN AND GRECO-ROMAN EMPIRES 102. ITALY 103-116. PHOTOGRAPHS  117. THE FIRST BLACK WOMAN TO TRAVEL TO EVERY COUNTRY 118-122. THE BLACK EXPERIENCE 123-152. TRAVEL DIRECTORY  153. TRAVEL IDEAS 154. RESERVATIONS FLIGHTS, HOTELS AND TRANSPORTATION 155. TRAVEL WELL 156. PACKING 157. INTERNATIONAL LAWS 158. SQUAT TOILETS 159. TRAVEL AND RAINY DAYS 160. LANGUAGE BARRIERS 161. TRAVEL NOTES 162. ENDLESS EXPERIENCES 163. EXPERIENCES AND SETTINGS 164. WONISPOTTS.COM  165. BACK COVER Hollywood Following the California Gold Rush, fame and fortune in Hollywood drove Americans westward. Fearless people walked away from predictable paths and stepped into a silver screen adventure. With a saxophone and a dream, Roger Hamilton Spotts headed to Los Angeles. As a Cincinnati collegian and a veteran of the Korean War, the mild-mannered musician overflowed with charm. Roger performed on woodwind instruments in world-famous big bands. Over the years, he mastered the piano and composed genres beyond jazz. Dragging an unwanted husband along, Betty Mosley Nix left the narrow, gritty streets of Philadelphia. On the glitzy boulevards of Los Angeles, she shined as a petite freckled beauty and a talented musician. Betty created a whirlwind of contradictions by shifting unpredictably from a dependent 1950s housewife to an independent woman. A sultry-voiced jazz singer, Betty showed up to audition for Roger. When she scatted to jazz riffs atop the baby grand, forbidden glances turned into daring kisses. The sweethearts spent time cuddling and feeding ducks in MacArthur Park. After the first date, the soon to be ex Mrs. Nix packed a suitcase and separated. Betty’s husband opened the door to an empty house, and Roger had no idea she moved. Wheels were set into motion once the secret unraveled. Transforming into Superman, Roger calmed the hysterics from Betty’s husband. Days later, a quiet ceremony tied a ribbon on true love. Though the male-dominated jazz scene respected Roger, women were outcasts. Unfazed, Betty played R&B, soul, and funk on the Fender Rhodes. As the years sped by, the idea of having children faded. While standing in front of the mirror, Betty felt she looked too thin. During the weeks of drinking weight gain powder and exercising with Jack LaLanne, she complained of an “odd heaviness” and nausea in the mornings. A visit to the doctor promised a life-changing special delivery. Terrified and thrilled, Betty hurried home to surprise Roger.     PIC ROGER SPOTTS PIC BETTY SPOTTS      It’s a Girl! The civil rights movement and John F. Kennedy’s assassination filled the airwaves. Far from family, the expectant parents were embraced by close friends. In the wee hours of January 6, 1964, a popcorn craving awakened Betty. As she circled the aluminum Jiffy Pop tin across the flames, a sharp pain struck. The soon-to-be parents drove to the hospital without a moment to spare. The couple chose a Swahili name during a sunset walk months before. Roger proudly handed out cigars then announced Woni’s birth.  Channeling the 1970s show Bewitched, Betty starred as the beautiful wife. She pushed a European stroller by day and read bedtime stories every night. Roger shared the lead as the lanky, well-dressed husband nearly late for a meeting. Back home, he played children’s songs on an alto saxophone with Woni marching behind. There were bumbling diaper deliveries, hilarious driving lessons, and giant lollipops after doctors’ visits. Amidst the nosy neighbors and the meddling in-laws, flamboyant artists drifted in and out. Having a boyish nature, Roger found it challenging to be a disciplinarian. The only spanking event occurred on Hollywood and Vine. With jazz greats looking on, Woni darted into the street. She ran around the light pole, leaving an angry Roger flat-footed in the dust. Over the years, Woni swallowed part of a rubber sheet, choked on a measuring tape, and calmly cut off an afro puff. She spat out carrots, cursed for pancakes, and scribbled on Roger’s music. In time, Woni’s hijinks were controlled with hollow threats and disappointed stares. On the first day of school, Betty desperately held on to the past. To ease the sense of abandonment, she volunteered to make waffles for Head Start. Though Betty protected Woni, Roger encouraged independence, intelligence, and fearlessness. Before long, Woni swam, rode a bike, and learned to save with a bank account. PIC BABY PICTURE Food Food Food While performing on the road, Roger developed a taste for gourmet food. Unfortunately, Betty used pots and pans to dye dresses and shoes, which led to the “blue gravy incident.” During breakfast, Betty nibbled on oatmeal, raisin bread, and cream cheese. She sulked over the lack of scrapple and other Philadelphia favorites. Roger ate restaurant leftovers with a side of strawberry shortcake. Across the dining table, Woni pouted for sweetened cereal and fast food. Inside the ice cream shop, Roger’s cone tilted with raspberry ripple, pistachio, and lemon custard. One day, he asked Woni why she always chose vanilla. “There are no surprises.” “It tastes the same every time,” she replied. Inspired by Roger, Woni ordered French vanilla, then more frightening flavors. The duo visited the finest restaurants, pie houses, donut shops, and cookie stores. Retro diners were a favorite setting to sip root beer and ginger ale floats. A desire for treats drove Woni’s entrepreneurial spirit. She sold bottles, music, books, and trading stamps. A melody of pocketed clinking coins resounded as she chased the jingling ice cream truck. Suddenly, a vinyl record’s scratch jolted Roger out of a ravenous hunger for sugary foods. He observed stores, television, and billboards shamelessly marketing mindless consumerism. Though habits rarely change overnight, the seeds of healthy eating and minimalism began to flourish in Roger and Woni. PIC AND MORE FOOD Driving Little Miss Crazy Always fashionably dressed, Betty drove the latest convertibles. With Betty, Woni played the polite little girl in eyelet lace and patent leather shoes. In custom suits and high top boots, Roger cruised in a spaceship-sized car. With Roger, Woni romped in cartoon themed T-shirts and bellbottoms. 8-track tapes blared as Woni’s friends were gathered for outings. In between begging to ride over Arlington Avenue’s two rollercoaster-esque humps, the children barraged Roger with embarrassing questions. “Why are women dressed up, walking back and forth, and leaning into car windows (on Hollywood Blvd)?” “If you don’t do well in school, you will soon find out,” Roger answered. Roger’s notorious comebacks created even more backseat insanity. “Go ye henceforth and fornicate thyself.” “Don’t write checks your ass can’t cash.” “When you ask dumb ass questions, you get smart ass answers.” “Go play on the freeway.” “I will put my foot so far up your ass …” PIC ROGER AND WONI   Beauty and Strength Some of the influences in Woni’s life were strong, passionate women. Caprice Clarke, a platformed, bell-bottomed, afroed force of nature. She landed a sexy role in The Goodbye Girl (1977) and sang the sultry vocals on Tongue (1975). As an Air Force veteran, she rose to the challenges of entertainment.  A violin virtuoso, Niva Ruschell, acted, modeled, and traveled internationally. She worked as a secretary for Roger’s friend, Nolan Davis. Over the summer, Woni, Niva’s daughter, and the neighborhood cat Duke were inseparable. In Niva’s Laurel Canyon abode, the furniture style leaned toward art deco on an LSD trip. Wind chimes, colorful beanbags, and incense wafted all around. A rising star, Niva struggled with lost roles, stolen film projects, and envious sisters lurking in the shadows. Amidst the ups and downs, she produced the first adult blaxploitation film. Uninterested in the X-rated genre, Niva planned to use the proceeds to finance creative works. Through all the setbacks, she partied with Hollywood legends before marrying a successful actor and, later, a doctor. Niva authored a book titled And Hollywood Be Her Name.   Feminine and fierce, Niva and Caprice never needed “women’s rights” for empowerment. When goddesses walk the earth, obstacles bow and step aside. Feeling the euphoria of the era, Woni vowed to live free forever.  PIC NIVA AND CAPRICE The Philadelphia Sound On a rare rainy day, Betty and Roger were locked in an epic chess battle. With “checkmate” declared on both sides, the room grew uncomfortably cold. Instead of the usual banter, the restless parents headed to opposite corners. Roger’s defensive stances were countered by Betty’s reckless moves. Though life’s pawns fell from a black and white checkered board, the familial bond remained unbroken. Coming full circle, Betty left for Philadelphia with Woni. Now lavish family gatherings were within reach. Betty’s mother, Fay, sewed, crocheted, baked, and lovingly created fairytale ceremonies. During the 1970s, the Philly Sound throbbed all night. Lining the mantel, yellowing photographs of Fay’s long gone husband and father looked on. A tortured soul, Betty’s drunken brother Alden staggered into the party. After a swig of Wild Irish Rose, he captured the night’s scenes on canvas. Betty’s look-alike sister, Mickey, held the spotlight atop the spiral staircase. Affectionately named “Flip Flops,” Betty’s nephew played to an arena in graphic dresses. Fay’s sister, Gerald, an ex-madam and a bootlegger, never learned to cook. She stirred anger into the pots by greedily hoarding the festivity’s food. Donned in chocolate suede, Betty sauntered through the crowd. As she draped the fur-collared maxi coat over a chair, matching hot pants and high boots were revealed. Suddenly, Betty’s ninety-eight-pound mother “felt the music”, cleared the floor, and danced across the green shag carpet. On the other side of the room, she left a vodka spiked orange juice and a Pall Mall cigarette sitting alone. The heart of the Mosley-Rankin family ceased to beat when Alden, Mickey, “Flip Flops,” and Woni’s Grandmother Fay unexpectedly died. PIC FAY AND FAMILY Never a Victim !#@%$*X&! As Betty mourned in nearby Delaware, romantic conflicts were faced with anger. She waged a one-woman war, then drove across the country from the east to the west. In Los Angeles, a friend introduced Betty to a wealthy gentleman. He suddenly proposed, purchased property, and placed a puppy in the home’s backyard. The lonely heir wined and dined Betty to the unsexy sounds of Petula Clark’s “Downtown.” Before long, calls with sweet talk, apologies, and Al Green’s “Let’s Stay Together” flowed from Delaware. Though Woni begged to stay in California, events turned the wrong way. A survivor of the hardboiled streets of Philly, Betty never played the victim. When opposed, she stared the enemy down, took a final drag, and squashed out a filtered Kool cigarette. The sequence ended after she let loose a sailor-inspired string of curse words and the recipient trembled. First Love As Woni bloomed, the days of climbing trees and exploring crawlspaces were gone. When genders slowly divided into opposite sides, she stayed on the fence. Woni practiced skateboard tricks, played arcade games, and obsessed over sports with the boys. She collected stuffed animals, experimented with make-up, and looked forward to pillow fights with the girls. By the end of the school year, a graduate passed Woni a note. The letter read, “Let’s meet under the big tree after school.” Crowned with a lion’s mane afro, he strutted with a left leg lag. The broad shoulders, narrow waist, and lean muscles stirred an unknown desire. Feeling flushed, Woni barely remembered the last classes. Before long, the starry-eyed lovers kissed during mosquito-filled picnics, tug-of-war contests, and potato sack races on Lums Pond. In Delaware’s farmlands, the couple gathered eggs, milked cows, and witnessed a calf’s birth. The Documentary In 1979, Roger’s friend Nolan Davis laid the foundation for a film. The documentary set out to chronicle travel to every country. Capitals, museums, culture, and nature were to be recorded. As an author, Nolan viewed global stories as nuggets of gold for future books. He praised Woni’s poise while traveling with Roger and Betty as a child. Hosting the documentary meant a commitment and expenses. From Roger’s point of view, spending college savings for experiences seemed foolish. Woni thought, “In the end, life unfolds as a montage of moments.” She desired a life filled with impactful memories. In time, the project materialized. Roger’s girlfriend, Caprice Clark, two cameramen, and two pilots were chosen as chaperones. The Caribbean 1 Once the adventurers assembled in Florida, the speaker announced the flight. Woni settled into the window seat with Caprice and the crew nearby. Modelesque stewardesses fastened seatbelts, served drinks, and calmed fearful flyers. Smiling pilots unlocked the cockpit’s doors to let children turn the plane’s knobs and dials. In the air, Woni stared over a blanket of clouds as she headed to the Caribbean islands. While passports and keys slid across the hotel’s desk, the elderly balding porter submissively struggled with the luggage. Ghosts of slavery and demons of imperialism were still haunting paradise. Wicker fans whirled as lacquered doors opened onto a tropical motif. In a trance, Woni sipped a piña colada with an orchid and pineapple wedge. Before surrendering to the night, she parted the cascading netting to lie on the chocolate mahogany bed. Morning’s amber light filled the sheer flowing curtains as Caprice’s soft knocks rippled through Woni’s final moments of sleep. Embodying the stillness, the pair ambled down the hallway leading outside. The ambrosia of spicy rum, exotic flowers, and buttery cake warmed the air. Woni stepped into a living postcard with pink sand and jewel-toned waters. Palm trees calypsoed against the baby blue sky. Peacocks called out in the distance. Surrounded by verdant velvet mountains, dolphins dove over the lucid bay. The Caribbean 2. Along the lapping coastline, Woni and Caprice waded closer to the hotel. Filming began with colonial estates and pastel-shaded houses. Historians shared African folklore and the origins of Carnival. Woni savored jerk-seasoned vegetables flavored with a reggae beat. Willowy Caprice and the crew merengue danced as mysterious “birds” squeaked overhead. Everyone laughed when Woni ran after she discovered the strange sounds were coming from bats. While flying to a collection of Edens, there were hatching turtles and swimming pigs. The crew practiced limbo dancing under the gaze of a vervet monkey. Through a tunnel of waterfalls, the explorers reached the Piton Peaks. With all aboard, the captain told tales of pirate treasure. A slow boat sailed around a timeless place where classic cars, cigars, and rumba hips still rolled. Antigua and Barbuda, Grenada, Bahamas, Barbados, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Haiti, Trinidad and Tobago, and Cuba Cuba Haiti Jamaica Grenada Bahamas Barbados Dominica St. Lucia St. Kitts and Nevis Dominican Republic Trinidad and Tobago Antigua and Barbuda St. Vincent and the Grenadines The scene faded to black as blushed colors mellowed on a golden day. Central and South America Age-old haciendas turned remnants of past evils into a place where the world fell away. Woni roamed amidst ceramic steps, high arches, and cobbled walkways. Viperous vines crept across red clay roofs, stone masonry, and ironwork. Mosaic pools and fountains were discovered around each corner. Exposed beams and patinated walls engaged the tall, studded doors. The room showed off its engraved rosewood bed, hand-painted tiles, and antique claw-footed tub. As Woni sank into a warm bath, the plump pillows, fresh linens, and sleep whispered. Central and South America’s capitals showcased a wave of architectural styles. The craftsmanship longed to be photographed from every angle. Rhythmic colors and charismatic cultures created art designed for the street. Over the days, a backlight of fear shadowed the explorers. In the misty mountains, Woni, Caprice, and the crew rode on chicken buses, evaded guerrilla wars, and searched for rainbowed waterfalls. Before being lured by the hot, steamy rainforest, a simmering volcano dared to be climbed. Along the way, Woni applied sticky insect repellants and catnapped under mosquito netting. Dressed in hip boots and a yellow raincoat, she braved the rising rivers. The Amazon expedition roused boisterous birds, frightening crocodiles, and lunging leopards. A three-toed sloth’s bedroom eyes followed the dugout canoe to a Maroon Village. Shrouded in twisted trees, the Maya (i.e., Mayan when referring to language), Aztecs, Incas, and Olmecs left legacies in stone. In the lost cities, slips in time uncovered ancient calendars, pictographs, and monuments. El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panamá, Guatemala, Honduras, Columbia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Argentina The Olmec Archaeologists used the name “Olmec” to refer to the builders of Mexico’s ancient civilizations. Colossal heads, terra-cotta pottery, and pyramids were found in the Americas. Mande remains were tied with Mande script on monuments in Mesoamerica. Linguistics, culture, and religious ceremonies link the Olmec (i.e., Xi) and the Mande of West Africa. Dr. Clyde A. Winters, Constance Irwin, and Dr. Wiercinski researched the Olmec civilization extensively. Warning graphic content page Ancient Africans in the Americas A deeply conflicted man, Bartolomé de Las Casas, acted as a missionary, a New World landowner, and a proponent of the enslavement of Africans. While traveling with Columbus, Las Casas witnessed brutalities against the indigenous people. Children were dismembered for running and beheaded for amusement. Pedophilia ran rampant. Live infants were used as dog food. Women were violated sexually, tortured with boiling soap, and murdered. Appalling acts of barbarism were dismissed by portraying the Spanish as “men of the time.” During the monstrous slaughter, Columbus mocked indigenous people for being unarmed, generous, welcoming, and naive. “They willingly traded everything they owned… They were well-built, with good bodies and handsome features… They do not bear arms, and do not know them, for when I showed them a sword, they took it by the edge and cut themselves out of ignorance. They have no iron… They would make fine servants… With fifty men, we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want.” -Columbus “What astonished me was the Ethiopic type which it represents. I reflected that there had undoubtedly been blacks in this country.” -José Maria Melgar y Serrano Present-day Amazonians share DNA and traditions with indigenous Australians. Archeology found ancient skeletons with Negroid features, which creates a clearer picture of ethnicity in the Americas.  In the Americas, an estimated one hundred million people were killed by disease, violence, and legislative laws. The Indian Removal Act ended with the Trail of Tears. In the early 1800s, Afro-Indigenous President Vicente Guerrero abolished slavery in Mexico. By the 2000s, Mexican citizens of African descent were acknowledged on the country’s census. Adios, Americas Woni, Caprice, and the crew waved adios to South America. On the flight, one-of-a-kind memories flooded the fifteen-year-old with emotions. She held back the tears while looking forward to familiar surroundings. In the distance, Betty’s face beamed within the airport crowd. Laughter, hugs, and stories kept the pair company during the drive home. After dark, Woni’s boyfriend set the telephone lines afire. As he drove toward the long-awaited date, she breathlessly waited with red lips, polished nails, coiffed hair, and butterflies. Bully Boomerang On the first day of school, Woni smirked as a boyish tormentor shouted, “Here, Spot!” and “Way down along the Woni River.” The childish taunts gave way to three new bullies in town. Following months of threats on the bus, Woni’s appeals to the teachers went in one ear and out. Armed with anger, she darkened the doorway of the first bully. The girl nervously leaned into the hallway, only to be beaten and left cowering in a corner. Woni roared over to the second bully, leaving the girl flustered and speechless. Yesterday’s prey now feverishly growled from the steps before unleashing a furious flurry of fists and feet. Still blinded by rage, Woni demanded to fight the third bully. Failing to find the girl, the mission ended without closure. When a scandalous family secret curled the grapevine, the sisters were never seen again. Desperate to leave high school behind, Nolan’s call predicted a great escape. Woni, Caprice, and the crew gathered in California for an Asian exploration. PIC Ahh Asia Japan/East Asia The long drive ended with a high shingled roof peeking through the passing fog. The weary travelers followed the dimly lit lanterns to the Ryokan’s welcoming doors. The hosts silently lifted the luggage and spirited everything out of sight. Carved teak ceilings, sliding screen walls, and bonsai trees synergized the sanctuary. To keep the setting pristine, clothing and shoes were traded for kimonos, socks, and wooden sandals. A hint of jasmine tea wafted from the entrance toward low dining tables. During dinner, the hosts unrolled the futons and placed history and religious studies on the calendar. Woni awoke to the smell of tatami mats and a bubbling fountain. Arriving under cover of darkness hid the tranquil Zen garden. While walking along the sand and stone-trimmed paths, she felt the moistness of moss in the air. The first path led to a bridge over a koi pond. The second path circled maple trees, bright azaleas, and dwarf conifers. The third path edged behind a wall of bamboo to a hot spring haven.    The Samurai clashed with Mongol invaders attempting to conquer Japan. A divine wind (i.e., typhoon) destroyed Kublai Khan’s military on two separate occasions.     After strolling through Tokyo’s street markets, Woni spent time inside the history museums. Onlookers gathered around the origami and anime exhibits. Along the way, martial artists and Sumo wrestlers posed with the crowds. The days were highlighted by Mount Fuji’s watercolored fields, picturesque trees, and palatial pagoda. Later, in a serene bamboo forest, Woni met with the archivist. Parasols, fans, and vivid silks flowed into the streets toward a geisha performance.  Beneath the neon lights of South Korea, the crew gave in to the temptations of karaoke nightlife. On the other side of Seoul, Woni and Caprice wandered the palaces, museums, and parks. Once in North Korea, the visit ended when sharp words were exchanged between the authorities and the crew. Fears fell behind on the way to Taiwan’s Sun Moon Lake. Southeast Asia Inside the balmy Malaysian mangroves, film reels searched for birds. Along the way, elephants and orangutans stepped into the frame. A secluded road unleashed a forest of tarsier primates. The reeking Rafflesia arnoldii flower hid far from sight. Boats floated under the comical long-nosed monkeys and slowed for a sunset firefly show. Ahead of Borneo, Singapore’s gardens were a place to write long letters. In Brunei, the Sultan’s Palace sharply contrasted against a modest village on stilts. Bali promised visions of bamboo hatted farmers, tending to plush carpeted paddies. Woni drifted into a daydream of ancient trees and stone-carved temples. After a flight to the Philippines, a jeepney rode past lush stepped fields and chocolate hills. While sailing in Vietnam’s Halong Bay, the Khmer Empire fell from the pages. The elegant shrines and fertile rice terraces were a wondrous sight. The melancholy sky added a fourth dimension to the villages on Laos’ sulky Mekong River. Bewitching cities blazed with colorful floating markets in Old Siam, Chiang Mai, and Bangkok. The museum opened the book on Old Bagan, and Kayan women’s gold stretched necks. A long quiet ride ended near Bangladesh’s chaotic markets. A sea of tasseled rickshaws wove through the endless crowd. Away from the monuments, the explorers crossed the Bay of Bengal to search for Sundarbans’ tigers. Surrounded by ocean, Sri Lanka’s thriving markets and places of worship created a scene. A gentle wind carried Woni through the wonders of Sigiriya Rock and Kandy. By dawn, themes changed from the window of the train. The romantic railway rumbled to Nine Arch Bridge and Ella’s tea plantations. North and Central Asia After flying north, Woni, Caprice, and the crew followed a Sherpa into the Himalayas. Nestled on the top of the world, palaces, temples, and remote Tibetan lakes shaped the uphill expedition. While circling over Bhutan to climb the Tiger’s Nest, the elevation blues reached its peak. Still out of breath, Woni landed in Nepal, feeling unsteady. Monkeys, goats, and cows passed by the entrance of a sacred temple. Sadhus anointed in cremation ashes and aged paint delighted in being captured on film. There were mountains of paperwork and penetrating stares while crossing Soviet borders into the “Stans.” Woni steered around squat toilets, dressed modestly, and carefully ate with the right hand. Now the sixteen-year-old faced impossible etiquette rules. Since stepping over thresholds meant drinking koumiss, she limited entering dwellings. Woni discovered refusing food and invitations appeared as signs of disrespect.  Setting the etiquette impasse aside, the historian told tales of ancient traders in Central Asia. The Silk Road led to artistic memorials and embossed Islamic mosques. Densely pigmented goods infused a circus of bazaars. In the city, whispers told of a mythical utopia, where snow-kissed mountains sheltered turquoise lakes. Twists and turns snaked through colorful valleys, cradling meadows of wildflowers. The scenic ride ended with falcons soaring overhead, nomadic yurts, and animals grazing in Shangri-La.  Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan Across the Caspian Sea, a medieval door opened onto Islamic and Christian lands. A symphony of artifacts played in concert with vintage wine and carpet makers. Within sight of Mount Ararat, the journey moved toward the Caucasus caves. Days were spent on Batumi’s beaches, one of the Black Sea’s pearls.  Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Georgia Sea of Stars and the South Pacific Looking to unwind from the obstacles in the north, Woni, Caprice, and the crew sailed to Maldives’ “Sea of Stars.”  While circling the South Pacific, the universe ceased to exist. Woni listened to the silence of Milford sound. Over the days, she canoed past limestone islands fringed with coral reefs. Villagers carved boats, wove textiles, and lived in houses on stilts. Sunsets were a place for erotic fire dances, celebratory feasts, and scene-stealing views. Memories reflected off of flickering emerald waters, up to the cosmos. Blonde afroed children waved goodbye while fishing under the diamond-studded night sky. New Zealand, Marshall Islands, Timor-Leste, Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea, Fuji, Tahiti, Vanuatu,Palau,Tonga, Kiribati, Tuvalu, Nauru, Micronesia, and Samoa Fiji Palau Tonga Tahiti Samoa Tuvalu Nauru Kiribati Vanuatu Micronesia Timor-Leste New Zealand Solomon Islands Marshall Islands Papua New Guinea PIC FOOD FROM ASIA Ancient Africans in Asia and the South Pacific The Saisiyat in Taiwan perform the “Ritual of the Little Black People.” The rite honors an ancient race (e.g., Negritos) still living in the Philippines, Malaysia, Sumatra, the South Pacific, etc. During the Three Kingdoms period (220-280 AD) through the Qing Dynasty period (1644-1911 AD), Chinese historians described a race of “Black dwarfs.” A 2005 DNA study by Jin Li and a team of Chinese scientists uncovered African roots across Asia. A legendary African named Yasuke reigned as a Samurai warrior in Japan. “For a Samurai to be brave, he must have a bit of Black blood.”  -Japanese Proverb  Asian religious idols around the world are often depicted with cornrows and Negroid features.  In the South Pacific Islands, the descendants of ancient Africans have blonde or light-colored hair. A DNA study found a single gene mutation in the TYRP1 gene.    Ancient Africans built the remarkable ancient cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro in Northern India and Pakistan. Groundbreaking research culminated in a book by Ivan Van Sertima and Runoko Rashidi, titled African Presence in Early Asia. PIC WARNING Death in Asia War, genocide, and instability in Asia and the South Pacific The Indochina Wars (1887-1945) resulted in hundreds of thousands of deaths in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. The United States of America helped to create the Khmer Rouge (1975-1979). There were approximately two million deaths under the genocidal regime. The British invaded Tibet in 1903. The Tibetan Army forced a retreat. Under British rule, three Anglo-Burmese Wars in the 1800s resulted in the deaths of thousands. The Philippine-American War (1899-1902) resulted in the deaths of over a million. During the Gurkha War (1814-1816), Nepal lost one-third of its land. The death toll is unknown. Under British rule, the Opium Wars (1839-1842) and (1856-1860) resulted in untold deaths and mass property destruction. The Anglo-Sikh Wars (1845-1846) resulted in the deaths of thousands. Under British rule in India, a series of engineered famines resulted in an estimated ten million deaths. European disease, violence, and child abduction (i.e., “Stolen Generations”) destroyed ninety percent of the Aboriginal population in Australia. Holocausts and extinctions were suffered in nearly every South Pacific island. School Shopping Against the wind, the explorers flew from the South Pacific Islands. The crew traded wild tales featuring narrow escapes, while Caprice quietly read a book. With classes a week away, Woni began feeling out of place. In rural Delaware, “exotic” vacations were spent on Rehoboth Beach and in the Poconos mountains. Visiting floating villages and temples in the Himalayas seemed as believable as dancing around Saturn’s rings. Once the flight landed, Woni’s homesickness faded in the light of Betty’s smile. To celebrate, the pair browsed boutiques for custom painted clogs, hand-knit sweaters, and makeup. Inside Mr. Tickles’ unique head shop, colorful corduroy jeans were stacked to the ceiling. After wandering around the record store, Betty joined Mr. Lee’s impromptu jam session. With live music as the soundtrack, Woni made a telephone call. Blinding rain and hurricane-force winds threatened to ruin a long-awaited reunion. Rivaling the romantic knights of old, Woni’s boyfriend braved the storm. PIC JAM SESSION The Country Clique The first day of school paralleled a trembling march to the gallows. Cold, intimidating doors opened to the sound of clamorous lockers. Fear and pheromones prowled the crowded hallways. Though Woni railed against the environment, it acted as a second womb. The little Delaware town provided insulation from California’s drug epidemic. During class, the school announced a boutique sponsored fashion show. The idea of sexy stares, pouting lips, and power strutting down a catwalk seemed laughable. Unaware of the school’s caste system, the shop owner chose Woni as a model. The cataclysmic news tore away the fabric of the privileged girls’ universe. Sensing the resentment, Woni eye-rolled the girls’ rigid disco moves and equestrian-themed clothing. On career day, bitterness seethed out of the girls’ pores. Woni’s father flew in to give a presentation on life as a Hollywood musician. As he passed the albums around the classroom, the teachers clung to every word PIC ROGERS RECORDINGS Into Africa After graduation, Woni slipped on a pair of rose-colored sunglasses. Out of bondage, she felt liberated in California. The seemingly insignificant town melded into the corridors of time. A deepening first romance fell victim to an early frost. On the west coast, Woni, Caprice, and the crew assembled for an African adventure. South Africa In the cradle of civilization, Woni heard the cries of the motherland. Gandhi hungered for Indian rights under a cloud of European colonialism. Outsiders unified to label the original people kaffirs (i.e., savages). Amidst the foul stench of apartheid, Woni explored colliding cultures. In a quaint thatched-roof cottage, a dimpled cheeked woman cared for the rooms. Plumes from a distant veld fire added a smoky dimension to the pastries and red rooibos tea. The glowing burnished floors warmed the walls of vibrant hand-carved Zulu masks. As the room’s door opened, gossamer fabric billowed across the paws of the lion-footed bed. During the days, Woni visited Table Mountain, a big five safari, and penguins on Boulders Beach. Oceans swirled around the Cape of Good Hope as she looked out over Lands End. Stunning surroundings shifted focus from the grave injustices. Woni, Caprice, and the crew headed to Namibia to meet the Himba people. Set against a barren landscape, white heat baked the nomads’ ochre-tinted hair. In uncharted territory, inhabitants were crowned in sleek, braided, and twisted locks. The nomads used scents, oils, and skin pigments in beauty rituals. Along Walvis Bay and the Skeleton Coast, a visual feast of flamingos, dolphins, and relentless predators awaited. In the Sossusvlei Desert, the wind created incredible art with earthen colors and sculpted dunes. Textures were brushed into surrendering sand and accented with petrified trees. Momentum turned toward Botswana’s Okavango Delta and the Khoisan of the Kalahari Desert. The Khoisan people left evidence dating back to 70,000 years in Botswana’s Python Cave. The Khoisan The Khoisan were the first known people to celebrate life’s stages or “Rites of Passage.” The Khoisan and other African traditions are found in the Americas, Siberia, Asia, Oceania, and Europe. BIRTH RITES NAMING RITES MARRIAGE RITES COMING OF AGE RITES HEALING CEREMONIES HERBALISM EXORCISMS STORYTELLING SPIRIT WALKS FIRE CEREMONIES FIRE WALKING GRASS SKIRTS MASKS ANKLE RATTLES ARCHERY EARPLUGS LIP PLATES NECK RINGS ELONGATED HEADS FILED TEETH NOSE BONES SCARIFICATION TATTOOS BODY PAINT MAKE-UP HAIR DYEING BRAIDING BEADING WEAVING THE WORSHIP OF NATURE (e.g., SUN, MOON, PLANETS, STARS, ANIMALS, MOUNTAINS, TREES, AND BODIES OF WATER) The Originals Skin pigmentation, eye shape, hair texture, nose shape, and body structure are thought to be influenced by the environment. Original Africans exhibit the foundations for every phenotype without genetic admixtures. The Khoisan People of South Africa have light skin and almond-shaped eyes. Africans exhibit every eye shape. African eye colors range from nearly black to blue (blue eyes/OCA2 gene mutation). African skin colors range from the lightest tan to the darkest brown (pale skin/SLC24A5 gene mutation). African hair textures range from kinky to straight (straight hair/TCHH gene mutation). Straight hair evolved later in humanity and is found in every environment. African hair colors range from black, brown, red to blonde (blonde hair/TYRP1 gene mutation). African nose shapes are short, small, wide, flat, narrow, pointed, and long. African heights range from the shortest Batwa (i.e., Pygmy) to the tallest Watusi. Ancient Africans in History “Grimaldi Man” skeletons and Venus carvings were found from the Mediterranean to Russia. The bones were definitively classified as Negroid, consistent with the Khoisan people in South Africa. Venus carvings showed Steatopygia, a rare condition found in Khoisan women (e.g., Saartjie Baartman). Scientists and historians attempted to hide the truth with paleoanthropological frauds (e.g., Piltdown man). There is a global practice of destroying African features on art, misleading reconstructions, and deceptive museum exhibits. There were many great African civilizations, the Kingdom of Ghana, the Mossi Kingdoms, the Mali Empire, the Kingdom of Aksum, the Kingdom of Benin, the Songhai Empire, the Kingdom of Zimbabwe, and the Kingdom of Kush. Wars, invasions, and natural disasters have changed the face of Egypt. Egyptians and Sub-Saharan Africans share cultural unity, traditional clothing, afro picks, cornrows, linguistic similarities, and artistic style. The scientific analysis found DNA, melanin dosage tests, osteoarchaeology, and hair textures consistent with Sub-Saharan Africans. Ancients described Egyptians as dark brown, which mirrors depictions on Egyptian art. Hieroglyphics show Steatopygia, a rare condition found only in Sub-Saharan African women. People of African descent migrated to Europe far before the rise of the Greco-Roman and Ottoman empires. Hundreds of sculptures and coins depicted People of African descent as traders, travelers, workers, and esteemed citizens living in Greece, Rome, and Turkey. Expeditions to Africa greatly advanced Greco-Roman society. Saint Maurice (Sir Morien) spawned the legend of the Black Knight, the Moorish son of Aglovale, one of King Arthur’s Round Table chivalrous knights. The Knight of the Holy Lance is honored in Magdeburg Cathedral in Germany. An excerpt from Celtic literature regarding Sir Morien stated, “He was all black, even as I tell ye: his head, his body, and his hands were all black, saving only his teeth.” Primera Cronica General of Alfonso X described the Moors by stating, “Their faces were black as pitch, the handsomest amongst them was as black as a cooking pot.” Southern Africa. On a flight to Durban, the crew planned the Sani Pass expedition. The harrowing road to Lesotho menaced with its treacherous hairpin turns, rock-filled rivers, heavy rain, and oblivious donkeys. Once atop the summit, Woni stumbled in a daze. In the rondavel, she sipped herbs and a healing bowl of broth. There were visits to Kome Caves, Subeng stream’s dinosaur prints, and Liphofung Cave’s rock art. The children from the village embraced Woni before the perilous drive from Lesotho. In Eswatini, the Swazi people shared a priceless gift of culture. Surrounded by spectacular landscapes, the Umhlanga ceremony casts a spell. The airplane glided above Kenya and circled over the Maasai Mara’s majestic giraffes. Along Lake Malawi, the blazing scarlet sky framed the setting sun. Baskets on Chewa girls’ heads accented the pageant of crayon-colored dresses. Woni, Caprice, and the crew drove out of the Nkhotakota wilderness headed for the largest waterfall on earth. The deafening sounds and a powerful deluge created an experience in Zambia. Across the Zimbabwean border, the Victoria Falls featured sweeping views. Woven, carved, and sculpted creations were on display inside the Shona’s craft markets. During the drive to the Great Zimbabwe ruins, the historian uncovered thousands of African languages, cultures, and religions. He noted the Lemba people in Zimbabwe practiced strict Jewish traditions regarding diet, rabbinical clothing, circumcision, and marriage. Later, Woni learned a DNA study found the Lemba people carried the Kohanim/Cohanim signature from the original Jewish priests. The African Coasts and Islands Woni, Caprice, and the crew moved in slow motion along the eastern edge of Africa. Beach cities walked arm in arm with music, crafts, and architecture. As Mombasa’s jazzy kangas and classy kufis strolled by, Woni’s thoughts raced back home. Roger proudly wore a boldly patterned dashiki during California’s jazz festivals. The museum curator revealed the Swahili coast’s culture and the origins of the name, Woni. The traditions of Africa, Asia, and Europe created an exotic heady blend. Far from Mozambique’s free-roaming elephants, Woni’s senses were showered in the serenity of waterfalls. With the scent of ylang-ylang flowers always a breath away, Comoros reflected the “Perfume Isles.” In Mauritius, there were visits to Pamplemousses Botanical Garden, Seven Colored Earths, and the panoramic view from Le Pouce. On the sugary sand shores in Seychelles, Coco de Mer got all the stares. Across Madagascar, Woni visited the isolated island’s collection of unique birds, lemurs, and baobab trees. As outsiders invaded, the art of living close to nature ebbed. Around the globe, people abandoned the old ways for the city’s polluted air, food, and water. Without the wisdom of the ancestors, people toiled into the future for essentials once sourced for free. Yemen and the Horn of Africa Yemen mesmerized with mud-brick magnificence, tasting of gingerbread, and white icing trim. On a voyage to Socotra, Woni headed to an outer reality. Alien animals evolved under the shade of otherworldly trees. As she looked out over the bay, a solitary fisherman patiently waited for the day’s catch. In the horn of Africa, the history professor centered the studies on the Afro-Asiatic culture. Books told the captivating story surrounding the legendary Land of Punt. After the rock churches in Lalibela, Woni visited the Aksum Empire and the Kush Kingdom of Meroe. Across the lands, ages of foreign cultures breathed eternity into Baroque castles, Ottoman mosques, and Gujarati Indian churches. Authentic experiences lay hidden behind a barrage of thunderous drums. Soulful voices and death-defying dances acted as gatekeepers locking out the modern age. Nomads summoned the strength to survive the savannah’s shifting sands. Along the Omo River, lives played out as ancient messages in a bottle found washed ashore. Yemen (Socotra), Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Djibouti, and Sudan Yemen (Socotra) Ethiopia Eritrea Somalia Djibouti Sudan North Africa An exodus from the Red Sea led Woni, Caprice, and the crew to the Mediterranean and the Persian Gulf countries. Seagulls soared against a warm peach sky as the sun gently touched jade waters. Donned in a modesty scarf, Woni wandered along the whitewashed facade. A maze of colorful tiled steps ended near a mosaic pool. She inched the edges of the cool waters and learned women were forbidden to swim. Fragrant citrus trees stood as quiet soldiers beside the intricate Ottoman door. Once inside, the crimson carpets shimmered beneath swinging bronze lamps. Carelessly tossed silk pillows brightened the round gold embroidered bed. Breezy curtains barely hid the Romanesque garden blooming outside. Hands on an antique clock reminded Woni to visit the dining room for falafel, hummus, and mint tea. The vapourous sounds of a moody rabab curled around the serpentine belly dancer. Bypassing the hotspots in the Middle East, filming began amidst the splendor of ornate mosques, Persian architecture, and castles from past conquests. Behind the towering medina walls, Woni met with the museum curator. An undercurrent of curiosity led Woni through a labyrinth souk. Traditional old-world crafts staggered in a dizzying parade. Generations of haggling crescendoed into the endless textured desert. Camel silhouettes passed smooth dunes, toward an unexpected oasis. Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Syria, Lebanon, Cyprus, Israel, Palestine, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania (WesternSahara), Tunisia, and Iran Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Syria, Lebanon, Cyprus, Israel, Palestine, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania (WesternSahara), Tunisia, and Iran PIC FOOD FROM THE MEDITERRANEAN Central Africa Torn away from time, a rainforest lay in the heart of Africa. Woni, Caprice, and the crew followed the Batwa (i.e., pygmies) around cumbersome vines and up steep terrain. Thunder boomed as battles with rustling insects raged. Machetes fought against angry brush while skin scraping thorns sought vengeance. Shrieking birds and screeching primates sang above the waterfalls. Doubts hovered, mimicking drab clouds as Woni seesawed the idea of creeping up on the gorillas. Beneath an ever-changing sky, the notion of living in a doorless hut seemed unwise. With a wax and wane philosophy, the Batwa celebrated the rain. As the weather cleared, the Batwa sang and danced again. The people of the rainforest held the secret of the gorilla, unknown to science for years. Before invasions penetrated the Congo, the Batwa peacefully lived with other Africans and breathtaking wildlife. Unbothered by the unruly environment and unbroken by enemies on all sides, the Batwa stood tall. When illness struck on the trail, the explorers circled back to camp. Through the miles of mud, the crew patted Woni on the back. She longingly looked for Caprice’s rare comforting wink. Under the moonlight, an aroma of cooking rivaled the inherent musk from nearby animals. Drums throbbed upon the jungle floor, and everyone dressed for the party. To soothe the feelings of failure, a rescued baby gorilla acted as an honored guest. Uganda, South Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi, DRC Congo, Central African Republic, and Republic of the Congo Uganda South Sudan Rwanda Burundi DRC Congo Republic of the Congo Central African Republic Woni, Caprice, and the crew left the rainforest headed toward the soul of Africa. West Africa Heart-pumping dances and powerful drumming stoked fear and energy into the air. Caprice and the crew were captivated as voodooists ignited the crowd. Outside the bolted door, Woni wistfully listened. Though she studied with holy men around the world, Caprice deemed the ritual out of bounds. During the ceremony, a history professor escorted the seventeen-year-old to Benin’s Royal Palaces. Caprice and the crew collected Togolese art and fetish dolls before driving to cliffside caves. On the road to Nigeria’s Nok village, Woni delved into the Yoruba, Igbo, and Hausa cultures. A kiss away from the gold coast’s beaches, Ghana’s museums were a treasure trove of artifacts. Draped in kente cloth, the Ashanti curator played indigenous instruments. West Africa’s islands were visited in a vanishing speck of time. On the bustling waterfront streets, Woni walked in the footsteps of the ancients. Looking over the horizon, the drifting wooden boats symbolized generations of artisans, farmers, and fishermen. Woni left the crowd behind and discovered lost pasts and stolen tomorrows. With an escort, there were cultural insights, translations, and the best photographic angles. Without the layers of protection, unscripted experiences created unique stories. Under the hungry eyes of a vulture, two girls searched for food. After speaking with the children in a desolate field, Woni’s heart sank. She walked with the girls past dilapidated buildings toward the colorful market. Overloaded vehicles swerved around sickly stray dogs crossing a nearby dirt road. Instead of looking for Caprice and the crew, Woni visited the children’s modest home. Beautiful woven fabrics hung in the corners of every room. When Woni learned the women created unique cloth by hand, she arranged to fund the family’s small business. Before the surprise, the village unexpectedly led the explorers to private waterfalls where life’s cares were soon forgotten. The Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Equatorial Guinea, São Tomé and Príncipe, Cape Verde, Cote d’Ivoire, Gabon, and Liberia Cameroon, Angola, Poverty by Design The architects of global colonialism decimated the continent of Africa. The Herero Wars resulted in the deaths of tens of thousands. In the Congo, a holocaust of millions occurred under Belgium’s King Leopold. To atone, colonialists shapeshifted into houses of worship. Financial corruption and sexual violations have historically plagued “charities.” Instead of aid, Africans are banned from gathering food, forced from native lands, and forbidden to wear traditional clothing. West Africa For days on end, Woni chicken scratched in a deckle-edged journal. After a series of restless nights, writing to Betty and Roger failed to soothe the lingering sadness. While an exotic land beckoned beyond the door, she desperately longed to be home. Suddenly, Woni remembered tasting new ice cream flavors with Roger. As a child, she embraced the concept of experiencing.  A 4×4 odyssey began in a decaying mud splashed Jeep. No one expected a jalopy to be a portal outside of time. Striking spiked architecture and Kouba Olanga’s sand dusted faces were images along the way. An abyss united wind, water, and ageless earth, forming an intriguing landscape. With both fresh and salt-water, Chad’s Ounianga Lakes transformed the harsh Sahara into a magical oasis. Before the drive to Niger, a storyteller told tales of the Guerewol Festival. He described a one of a kind spectacle where Wodaabe women are given a chance to choose a new mate. Woni glimpsed behind the Dogon’s masks, stilt dances, and astronomical insight. When standing in the presence of Mali’s elaborate Timbuktu-esque mosques, she felt the spirit of the ancients.  A wooden boat crept the edges of Lake Tengrela, while hippos peekabooed over waterlilies. Burkina Faso In an infinite void, two men tirelessly harvested salt in the bubblegum-pink waters of Lake Retba, Senegal. The historian sailed with Woni to the Door of No Return in the House of Slaves.  PIC WARNING Enslaved Ancient historians glowingly described Africa’s “Golden Age.” Invasions from Europeans and Arabs turned tribe against tribe. As the enemy’s concepts and religions took hold, Queen Nzinga weathered the storm. In the end, the motherland abandoned its children to the Trans-Atlantic-Slave Trade. While traveling, monuments of remembrance were a place for solemn moments. Woni washed away the stain of slavery by embracing the legacy of pain and justified anger. With eyes wide open, she looked into its somber face with the freedom to breathe. Out of the dungeons onto the ships, Africans crossed the sea in shackles and chains. During the long journey, captives were whipped, dismembered, force-fed, and thrown to the sharks. There were countless suicides, violent castrations, and sexual abuses. Men, women, and children were stripped naked and sold on auction blocks. Thumbscrews, muzzles, neck collars, and branding irons were used as torture devices. African languages, names, religions, crafts, and traditions were forbidden in the new world. After death, the captives’ remains were used for clothing, shoes, medicine, food, and dentures. Brave men and women organized over two hundred and fifty slave revolts, freeing hundreds of thousands. “I will say then that I am not, nor ever have been in favor of bringing about in any way the social and political equality of the white and black races. I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the states where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so.” -Abraham Lincoln Phoenix Rising An enslaved people enriched the land by developing agriculture and building metropolises. Hundreds of thousands of Black men fought for freedom in the Civil War. After the Union declared victory, the reconstruction period began. From the halls of academia, Black politicians, inventors, scientists, and authors moved society forward. Instead of reconciliation, Black neighborhoods were destroyed, restrictive rules were enforced, and separatists numbered into the millions. The Ku Klux Klan commemorated hangings with family picnics, photographs, and postcards. Museum memorabilia exposed the widespread acceptance of exhibiting children in zoos and using live infants as alligator bait. Many Black Americans migrated to the north and the west. In the early 1900s, Black American cities rose from the ashes once again. Excitement centered around music, art, food, and sports. On the streets, fancy cars filled with church hats passed by. Smooth-talking zoot suits walked with a signature bop. In the 1960s, Black Americans defiantly chanted, “Black is Beautiful,” “Black Power,” and “Say it loud, I’m Black, and I’m Proud.” Reminiscent of diamonds formed under the forces of nature, a unique culture sparkled. The descendants of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade were captives, not immigrants seeking better lives. Out of isolation and oppression, the crusade for Civil Rights created American Dreams for everyone. Fender Rhodes Conquests and defeats battled to silence one another on the flight from Africa. While Caprice and the crew slept, Woni pondered the experiences. A life-changing revelation awaited in the airport crowd. Betty waved a white flag on Delaware for a second chance on the west coast. Now both parents were in California. Moved by drum circles, the syncopated rhythms fused into Woni’s soul. She tickled the ivories every day on Betty’s Fender Rhodes. Within months, Woni’s artistic wings flapped as she crafted original songs and formed a band. Live performances shined the limelight on stage fright. Shyness aside, she remembered the time when class, talent, and music mastery were celebrated. As Roger’s generation faded, the scene slowly devolved into a cesspool of casting couches. On the flip side, Woni rebelled before piano lessons, daydreamed during college classes, and tipped on a tightrope through Lula Fields’ charm school. After giving Woni the clay to sculpt a meaningful life, Roger felt she lacked ambition. Being the golden boy of “Cincinnati’s Woman of the Year,” Roger embodied the Midwestern work ethic. Setting duty aside, he left a professor position and a lovesick librarian. In Los Angeles, Roger played jazz, married a showgirl, and fathered a child. Humorless and unimpressed, Roger’s mother returned Woni’s preschool letters graded with angry red marks. Though Roger chose living over educating, he railroaded Woni into academia. She refused to regurgitate handpicked “facts” buried within circular degrees of knowledge. Against the grain, Woni craved infinite wisdom. She always joked, “My grandparents have only one grandchild, and I’m still not the favorite.” Godzilla VS the Ghetto While in Delaware, Woni dreamt of coming of age in Los Angeles. She imagined parties on Venice Beach, views atop the Hollywood Hills, and film premieres. In South Central, the innocent children she once played with were lost to the streets. A rising sub-culture redefined “Blackness” by glorifying drugs, violence, and reckless sex. Powerful words and images hijacked the original rap genre. Woni stepped into a twisted universe where being caught red-handed symbolized “street smarts.” Unlike organized criminals around the globe, jailbirds were rewarded with “street cred.” Woni lived on the fringes listening to loud music, using brick phones, and speaking bad slanguage. Embracing “Lion Tamer syndrome,” she cruised in low riders with bullet-dodging bad boys. On the Westside, Woni and a college friend visited Roger’s house. Roger swung the door wide open, dressed head to toe in a Godzilla costume. Used to startling pranks, Woni barely reacted. Shocked senseless and unable to be consoled, the young man stormed away. Roger exploded with laughter, as Woni struggled to hold it in. He joked, “If you can’t handle a high noon Godzilla attack in May, you have no business dating my daughter.” PIC Europe When Nolan called, Woni, Caprice, and the crew’s lives were a series of time-lapse frames. The adventurers stepped from a frantic pace to experience Europe. Spain, Malta, and Andorra Stocked with uncooked ingredients, forced “melting pots” are simmering poisonous stews. In the Mediterranean, migration over centuries created seductive cultures.   Malta’s Roman ruins and megalithic temples laid bare the centuries of change. Along the Pyrenees Mountains, Andorra’s fleeting villages were seen in a blink. The Spanish historian unearthed the origins of bull worship (e.g., running of the bulls, bullfighting, and sacrifice) and siestas. As a colorful fiesta passed by, Gothic churches and Roman temples weathered the abstract sun. Tapas and paella were served with a side of Flamenco guitar and dance. In an oft-forgotten land lay a Stairway to Heaven in the Bay of Biscay. After Basque-ing in culture, Woni walked into an Andalusian serenade. Face to face with the Sierra Nevada Mountains, the Moors lived and breathed. She stood spellbound in Alhambra’s hilltop palace and gardens. Endless arches and columns adorned the fountain surrounded by stone lions. A ceiling of opalescent honeycombs played games with shadow and light. Under a starry crown, wood and tile walls sent poetic messages to the world. Awash in blissful sweetness, Park Güell caricatured a baked dessert. Gaudy mosaic colors were dipped in honey and trimmed with stardust frosting. A theatrical beauty all around, a Mediterranean temptress created a gateway to nature and the islands. Portugal Woni, Caprice, and the crew climbed the stepped vineyards in the Douro Valley. The archivist told of a poetic age when explorers were lured from all directions. By land and sea, Viking raiders, Celtic settlers, and Phoenician traders crisscrossed Iberia. Technicolor palaces and fanciful gardens were left behind as Moorish mementos. Fado music curved past Lisbon’s sepia-ed terraced houses. Faithful funiculars glided on steep, narrow tiled streets. On the edge of the city, a forbidden flirtation developed. The wind chiseled beachscapes of the Atlantic flirted with tiger-eyed grottoes. A stylish classic dressed up or down, a keepsake, Portugal. The Baltics, Balkans, and the Adriatic Sea After the ease of Southern Europe, Woni, Caprice, and the crew crossed in and out of Soviet-controlled territories. Haunting forests stepped aside for domed churches and medieval castles. Softly painted baroque townhomes lined the cobbled streets. Along the Curonian Spit, Woni tasted the salty Baltic breezes. Far from the graceful gothic capitals, a phenomenon amazed in Poland’s Crooked Forest. A Bohemian rhapsody of rolling waves bid farewell from the Moravian landscape. Melodic songs and gripping lore shared cultural ties with nearby Scandinavia. Folk dancers wore traditional floral dresses, eyelet lace trimmed scarves, and embroidered velvet vests. In the Carpathian Mountains, fiery fiddling told a lyrical story. Surrounded by hillsides draped in vineyards, stonework framed the winery entrance. Over the border, a field of sunflowers acted as the setting for an extravagant feast. Cruising the Danube Delta ended on the edge of a looking glass. Wild horses thundered amidst the ancient oaks, flowers, and dunes. Tiptoeing behind deer led to the beauty of the Black Sea. Elk, bison, and a curious bear watched as the explorers climbed the stairway to Dracula’s castle. Wind gusts blew an eagle across the gloomy Romanian sky, adding to the heavy macabre mood. Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Belarus, Moldova (Transnistria), Serbia, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Czechia, Hungary, and Slovakia On a walk through medieval cities, a stormy past fused into baklava. The archivist pulled apart the sticky layers to raise eternal voices. From San Marino’s castle to the bridges in the Balkans, there were triumphant views into history. Lake Ohrid, Kotor, and Dalmatia resembled dazzling gems around the Adriatic coast. North Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Kosovo, Croatia, and Montenegro Russia Woni, Caprice, and the crew pulled back the Soviet Union’s iron curtain. The historian grew taller and taller as he parroted Cold War propaganda. He described Mongol invasions, Tzars of the Russian Empire, and centuries of political intrigue. Infamy aside, the seeds of art and literature grasped with undying roots. The museums were decorated with nesting dolls and Faberge eggs. Uralic and Turkic folk music played with haunting harmonies. Cossack dancers and Ballerinas defied gravity for the thrilled crowds. In the Red Square, a kaleidoscope of colors fired from the onion domes. Behind the veil of the flamboyant public image, fur hatted soldiers pounded rubber stamps. Once through the gate, burly babushkas stilettoed past eye tearing squat toilets. Stray dogs picked apart nostril searing trash as haughty vodka-soaked hoteliers smoked in the alley. On the dreary outskirts, graying concrete phantoms loomed over neighborhoods. Northern Europe During the Viking Age, the sight of dragon-headed longships struck fear in the hearts of men. On a voyage to visit islands in the North Sea, preservers of culture were illuminating. Nordic villages dyed in chromatic tones led to longhouses, castles, and wooden churches. Hidden from the passage of time, forested mountains were mirrored in frost-covered lakes. Seasonal revelry added a sense of order to Scandinavian life. The crew cooled in polar plunges before the break of dawn and warmed in saunas under the solstice moon. Sweden, Norway, Finland, and Denmark The North Pole and Lapland For eons, the Northern lights waved astral ribbons against the sparkling vastness. The earth turned until the dark surrendered to the vague midnight sun. Smiling rose-tinted cheeks drove sleighs around winter wonderlands. The Sami crafted fur-trimmed hats, embroidered clothing, boots, and nostalgic carvings on wood. After walking out of an old fashioned Christmas card, Woni, Caprice, and the crew journeyed toward Central and Western Europe. The North Pole and Lapland Central and Western Europe In the throes of a taboo love affair, windmills blew kisses to fields of spring tulips. Amsterdam’s grand gabled houses lined the bridge-filled canals. The beaches by the North Sea changed the pace from delightful Delft. Beyond the bevy of bicycles, an idyllic drive led to museums with Van Gogh, Monet, and clogs. With a view of Luxembourg in the rearview mirror, Brussels enchanted. In between waffles and chocolate, there were Flemish art and Tin Tin exhibits. Woni’s head floated in a cloud of churches, castles, and gardens. Outside the capital, a bluebell carpeted forest awaited. Eclipsed by Paris’s glamour and London’s lofty landmarks, a pretty Belgium wallflower longed to dance. After settling into a rustic chalet, a window opened onto the Alpine culture. Shadowing a shepherd around the farm shed light on centuries of woodworking. Austrian children skipped to the bellow of alphorns, and yodeling rang in the distance. Adorable bell bejeweled cows grazed the sweetgrass pastures. The flock’s appetite for wildflowers held the secret to unique artisan cheeses. Woni waltzed along the Danube River’s edge, visiting palaces, baroque museums, and gothic churches. As Mozart resounded, figures in fancy dress rode in a Lipizzaner-pulled carriage. With a Viennese coffeehouse strudel in one hand, Woni headed for Slovenia’s Lake Bled. Swiss life mirrored the workings of a fine timepiece. Within sight of a stoic St. Bernard, Woni carouseled the quiet countryside. She jaunted to Heidi’s village and Liechtenstein castle. On the edge of the road, a farmer’s refrigerator held fresh food. An unlocked cash box naively sat nearby. The innocence of the honor system brought a tear to Woni’s eye, along with a tinge of sadness. Germany Near Germany’s Checkpoint Charlie, Woni, Caprice, and the crew were eyewitnesses to defiant graffiti on the Berlin Wall. Street artists inspired hope amidst the specter of unrest. During Oktoberfest, pretzels and bratwursts were held in the celebrant’s hands. As the beer overflowed, crowds in Tyrolean hats and lederhosen spilled into the walkways. From the Bavarian castles to the Rhine River Valley, vistas changed as pages in a novel turn. Flower trimmed villages rivaled a walk inside a hand-carved cuckoo clock. Half-timbered houses lay tucked away in the Black Forest of the Brothers Grimm. PIC FOOD FROM NORTH EUROPE AND BEYOND PIC WARNING A Grim Tale DNA and archeology show migrations from Africa populated Europe, Asia, Oceania, and the Americas. Since the lands were largely uncontested, there were no weapons of war. When other groups arrived, African descendants were often overwhelmed and unarmed. As the Greco-Roman, Ottoman, and Mongolian empires rose, the invaded inhabitants were integrated into the changing civilizations. Under a blood moon, pounding hooves stormed across the North German plain. After the dust cleared, a collection of barbarians (Vandals, Visigoths, Lombards, Angles, Saxons, Franks, etc.) pierced the heart of the Roman Empire. Seats of power were violently stolen by Germanic tribes with no ancestral ties to the land. The invasion led to a dark age of chaos and disease. Between 476 CE and the present day, barbarians morphed into an enriched monarchy. Dressed in the finest clothing and jewels, the rulers posed for portraits and coins. Gemstones were plucked from the eyes of eastern idols and placed in the monarchs’ crowns. Diamonds, gold, and other minerals were bled from veins all over the planet. Inside fortified castles, a tradition of incest produced genocidal rulers. Gruesome beheadings, hangings, and burnings imprinted fear on a molecular level. Independence lay buried in a grave of feudalism and imperialism. Cultures vanished, while ethnicities were force-fed biased concepts. An orchestrator drew lines all over the earth, created separate nationalities, symbolic flags, and military uniforms. Millions were sacrificed to endless wars to protect imaginary borders. As eyes opened around the world, the masses awakened to the nemeses of humanity. The European monarchy is of German origins, as are the words “god,” “lord,” “king,” and “queen.” The House of Romanov (i.e., The Russian Empire ruled Russia-German origins) ruled Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Finland, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Poland, Antarctica, and Turkey. The Russian Empire colonized Alaska, attempted to rule Hawaii, and settled in Fort Ross, California.  The House of Oldenburg (German origins) ruled Denmark, Iceland, Greece (i.e., Macedonia), Norway, Sweden, Greenland, and Danish West Indies.  The House of Habsburg (German origins) ruled Austria, Hungary, Bohemia, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Bosnia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Netherlands, Romania, Belgium, Portugal, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Montenegro, Serbia, Switzerland, Mexico, parts of Italy, parts of the Americas, and Spain. Queen Isabella, a German monarch, ruled Spain and financed Christoper Columbus. The Kingdom of Lombards (German origins) ruled Italy and San Marino.  The House of Grimaldi (i.e., Guelphs-German origins) ruled Monaco.  The House of Savoy (Humbert I-German origins) ruled France, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, Albania, Croatia, Cyprus, Eritrea, and Somalia.  The Papal States (the Papacy) were created and ruled by the Germans. The Borgias, Popes, and Italian Nobles were married to the Royal family of Aragon, (German monarchs).  The House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (i.e., The House of Windsor-German origins) ruled The United Kingdom, Malta, Cyprus, Canada, India, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, Barbados, The Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Belize, the Congo, South Africa, and Italy. The last Italian Queen, Maria Jose of Savoy, Mussolini, and Hitler, formed a deadly liaison.  The House of Wettin (German origins) ruled Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, and Portugal.  The House of Nassau (German origins) ruled Germany, Netherlands, England, Ireland, Scotland, Luxembourg, and Orange (i.e., France). The Robertian Dynasty (i.e., House of Capet-German origins) ruled France, Spain, Andorra, England, parts of the Caribbean, and Africa. France (i.e., The Franks from the “Land of the Franks”) were of German origins. A Holocaust in Europe As Woni traveled internationally, there were tributes to fallen soldiers, homages to lost cultures, and memorials to slavery. Every generation sleeps until forced awake by its own evil. During Nazi rule, a deadly ideology vilified German citizens. Jewish people were betrayed despite a European history dating back to the Medieval Period. Declared enemies of the state, “non-Aryan” ethnicities (e.g., Jews, Slavs, Roma, etc.), criminalized groups (e.g., political, religious, and sexual orientations), the disabled, and injured German soldiers were murdered. In the 1940s, train tracks led to an existence beyond the concept of hell. Neighbors turned a blind eye as men, women, and children were sent to a holocaust. Jewish people from every corner of Europe (including infants in orphanages) were deported to inescapable ghettos. Before the end of the nightmarish railway rides, many passengers died. The unfortunate often faced the gas chambers within hours of surviving the cramped cattle cars. Under the watchtower, monsters in jackboots used barking dogs to terrorize the crowd. Smoke from the crematorium blotted out the sun and a stifling stench tainted the air. Prisoners deemed fit for work were stripped naked, shaved, tattooed, and photographed. In filthy, cold brick barracks, diseased victims starved in packed bunk beds. Shootings, hangings, and suicides were part of daily life. Walking skeletons and victims of medical experiments stared into a hopeless abyss. Though resistance movements and spies told the outside world, the concentration camp orchestra played on. Surrounded by mountains of corpses, Nazi couples danced, sang, and sunbathed. Sadistic female guards enjoyed dating and married life. Inside the electrified barbed-wire, the Nazis kept meticulous records. Luggage, shoes, clothing, jewelry, and gold teeth were sorted and stolen. The cruelness of the Nazis is reflected in the eyes of the prisoner’s photographs. The Blue Letters Before cellular networks and the World Wide Web, long-distance telephone calls were rare. Woni visited international post offices to mail separate letters. A weekly envelope filled Roger’s mailbox with impressions from the visited countries. The letters to Betty voiced every imaginable travel misery. Woni wrote of sweltering heat in the Congo and elevation sickness in the Himalayas. She awoke to Amazonian insect invasions and feelings of isolation in the South Pacific. There were road accidents, passport thefts, and extortions during Soviet border crossings. When a swarm of porters wrestled for one piece of luggage, Woni tipped four times. Eyes popped, and jaws dropped after stumbling onto Freikörperkultur (i.e., nudity in Europe). Water quality and bathing habits varied from place to place. Poverty, pollution, and environmental waste touched every corner of the globe. As a strict vegan, many countries pushed Woni to the edge. On an out of the way road, skewered rodents and insects smoked on a grill. She endured stomach upsets, the lack of tissue, and privacy in feces-filled squat toilets. In the end, Woni sent letters from everywhere. Heartbreakers After the flight from Europe, a wide lens closed on scenes around the globe. In four years, Woni traveled to one hundred and sixty-five countries and territories. Wars, logistics, and Nolan’s health left the documentary’s completion in jeopardy. Soon Caprice married a celebrity, and the crew, the four fatherly pillars, returned to piloting and filming in Los Angeles. Unable to escape by traveling, the eighteen-year-old moved toward an obscure fate. The California coastal setting awakened an entrepreneurial ingenuity. As Woni’s life centered on building an internet business, demanding relationships were cast aside. She feared the colossal role of motherhood, the stagnancy of marriage, and the loss of generational fluidity. Commitments were surgical tools to pull feathers from soaring wings. Betty left a trail of broken hearts, while Roger attracted a collection of girlfriends known as the “Rogerettes.” Out of nowhere, an underdog named Shida led the pack. The “Rogerettes” were independent, intelligent, ambitious, and expensive, in stark contrast to Shida. In the end, Roger and Betty’s golden moments were untouchable. Falling Tears After memorializing a pet of fifteen years, Betty and Woni left the animal cemetery. The death in the late 1990s heralded the end of a close-knit family. When Woni’s father died of cancer, she fell into a hopeless haze. From the depths of sadness, she called to collect mementos of Roger’s life. Unfortunately, Roger’s girlfriend placed obstacles in the way. Years later, Shida carelessly lost every photograph, recording, and video of Roger, Betty, and Woni. In the early 2000s, a second diagnosis of cancer left the dwindling family numb. Twelve months later, on Valentine’s Day, Woni’s heart broke forever. Leaving the hospital in the distance, she cried from the inside out. Feeling all alone in the universe, Woni turned on the radio. Stevie Wonder’s “Golden Lady” began eerily playing on a non-music station. Betty often performed the song, and the crowd cheered “Golden Lady!”  Four Seasons In California, Woni and Betty’s roots were pulled up time and time again. Sunny coastlines and neighborhoods gave way to sanctuary cities and homeless camps. With no family on the west coast, she escaped to a sleepy Delaware beach. Woodland creatures and birds frolicked across the deck of the stately colonial home. Over the year, Woni embraced the changing of the seasons by unlocking a gallery from the past. In spring, she remembered the brimming Easter baskets, handmade Mother’s Day cards, and the odor of vinegar dyed eggs. Summer evoked images of Roger’s boyish smile when opening Father’s Day and birthday gifts. Amidst the colors of fall, Woni loved the sound of autumn’s crunching leaves. She reminisced on Fay’s abundant Thanksgivings, Betty’s birthdays, and Roger’s Halloween costumes. Once winter arrived, Woni reflected on the Christmas Eve searches for toys, and the first snowball she ever crafted. A Bite of the Big Apple A year into idling on a Delaware beach, wanderlust drove Woni to New York. Manhattan seemed untouchable, with an air of a brooding supermodel, smoking a cigarette while leaning statuesquely against the wall. Museums, restaurants, and entertainment celebrated culture. The seas of flagship stores drowned Woni’s sorrows in an orgy of designer goods. After months of frivolous indulgences, she returned to minimalism. Without distractions, the heartache of living without Betty and Roger resurfaced. Peace lay outside of spiritual beliefs, medicine, and humanity. Over the following days, Woni fashioned a living space with uplifting colors and mindfully placed furniture. The rooms were sparkling, the closets were sparse, and crystal infused fragrances energized the air. Woni sipped aromatic water while creating vegan recipes and decadent spa blends. Exercise greeted the sunrise, followed by breathing and meditation. Candlelit flower baths delivered the silvery silence of sleep. From the dark, Woni slowly emerged out of a healing cocoon into the light. Belonging Woni’s time in New York set the stage for international living. Aware of the history of ancient Africans across the globe, she explored with a sense of belonging. In places where outsiders and Black people were rarely seen, there were curious stares. Overall, the world greeted Woni with open arms. Back home, the United States of America still struggled with its past. Amidst the rising metropolises reaching for the stars, Woni felt reborn in the motherland. The honeymoon ended when she discovered the concepts of Pan-Africanism were lost in the cities. The true “It takes a village” spirit flowed through the people in the rainforests and savannas. She noted the vast differences between visiting and taking root in a country. Thoughts flashed to Europe, then to Southern France. Romanticized long ago, Woni moved light-years into a French impressionist painting. She walked from France to Italy along Monaco’s wisp of a coast. Trains were used as time machines teleporting from medieval villages to cinematic capitals. Perfumed lavender fields scented the days, and the Mediterranean Sea cooled the nights. Paris starred as a chic femme-fatal, topped with a red wool beret. As the trench coat vanished into a French quarter cafe, Woni longed for California. solo soh-loh traveler trav(ə)ler noun 1. a brave explorer seeking to discover the world. 2. you. Walkabout Around the World During the third act in California, Woni suffered a near-death event. The experience acted as a signpost pointing toward travel. In 2014, she vowed to visit the countries she missed. The past, present, and future met on a walkabout around the world. The Maya Civilization Woni circled above Belize’s blue hole before gliding into the Maya civilization. In the mountain retreat, there were fantasy cottages and secret gardens with steps to waterfalls. All over the globe, Woni witnessed centuries-old craftsmanship from artisans and distilleries. On an agave farm, she said, “No thank you” to a tequila shot. When the owner’s veiled threats and bottomless drinks failed, he held Woni captive in the souvenir shop. During the drama, she remembered the carefree adventures with Caprice and the crew. Armed with wisdom, the solo traveler journeyed onward. Woni survived a close call in Mexico City and looked ahead to Chichen Itza’s temples and pyramids. In the Yucatan peninsula, a musical historian awaited. She cruised the mangroves, explored ancient ruins, and bronzed under the playa rays. Sombreros swayed to the sounds of mariachi as dishes proudly posed upon the table. Central and South America Near the edge of the earth, Patagonia’s landscape stunned. There were ethereal salt pans, stoic fjords, and lonely beaches. With the Andean openness in the background, photogenic alpacas roamed. Woni heard the Moai calling from across the open seas. Rapa Nui’s mystical monoliths looked after a lonesome horse. The night lulled with pitch-black silence following thunderous light shows. Miles from treeless Easter Island, the Incan god’s electrified the air. In Bolivia, a beautiful historian fearlessly rode down “Death Road.” Outside the Witches’ market, tire-biting dogs darted in and out of traffic. Lake Titicaca charmed with its endearing llamas and listless roosters crowing during dusk. After a voyage to explore Galapagos Island’s wildlife, Woni ventured into Peru. Passing scenes from a Sacred Valley train climaxed with the crowning glory of Machu Picchu. FOOD FROM SOUTH OF THE BORDER The Seventh Continent, Antarctica! Woni restlessly waited to fly over the volatile Drake Passage. In the Southern Cone of South America, flights were often late. Once aboard the icebreaker ship, towering arctic walls stood as obstacles. After leaving Port Lockroy with a coveted passport stamp, a misstep left Woni dangling. Suddenly, a hero pulled the distressed damsel from the threat of glacial waters. On Antarctica’s frozen islands, seals lazed the days away. Beneath the unearthly midnight sun, Woni kayaked near curious whales. Under the pale morning light, she climbed mountains etched by wind and time. As the Zodiac boats landed on the chilly shores, penguins waddled to bring South Pole greetings. COMPASS EAST When a didgeridoo stirred the sleeping nomad, Woni boomeranged to Australia. After visiting the Great Barrier Reef, she met kangaroos and a koala. Torn by war, Cambodia seemed a world away. Unable to visit in the early 1980s, Woni left the Khmer region with part of the puzzle lost. By the 2000s, the bullet holes and overwhelming jungle added to the majesty of Angkor Wat. Humble farms on the Yellow River were the roots of Chinese civilization. Opposing concepts, religions, and neighbors fought from all sides. As spectral sounds of ravaging hordes stampeded toward the fortress, Woni stood victoriously atop the legendary Great Wall. Suddenly, thoughts flashed to the architecture of Rani Kot Fort and the journey to Pakistan’s Hunza Valley. Moving forward and backward in time, Woni found enlightenment in Mongolia. A futuristic metropolis shared the stage with the Naadam and Golden Eagle festivals. The harmonic sounds of throat singing echoed outside the city. An able Steppe horsewoman led Woni through the treeless grasslands. Beyond the yurt door, sheep, goats, and a frail foal roused Woni from a deep sleep. Dread over the orphaned horse haunted Woni into the dunes. In the night, Woni rode a camel across virgin sands to wish on a Gobi desert star. Surrounded by the Tian Shan Mountains, she felt the power of the “Golden Man.” The Scythian warrior reigned as king inside the Almaty museum. The traditions of shamanism and hunting with birds of prey (i.e., falconry) were alive in Kazakhstan and Mongolia. Along a winding birch fringed road, Woni drove toward glistening alpine lakes. Against all of the natural beauty, the pendulum swung in the opposite direction. Near Charyn Canyon, a squat toilet opened into the bowels of hell. INDIA In a land of many moods, incense and marigolds lingered. Woni bathed in the romance of the Taj Mahal and Jaipur’s hazy colors. There were modern metropolises, ancient temples, and addictive culinary spices. As Woni settled into Ananda in the Himalayas, an alpha macaque opened the balcony door. Screaming and waving arms drove the intruder back outside. After an upsetting morning, Woni headed to Rishikesh’s markets. Atop a nearby wall, a troop of gray langurs were entertained by the crowds. Unlike other primates, gray langurs were civilized. As the sun vanished into the Ganges River, elephants crossed dusty roads, and mystic cows basked on the shores. Street life swarmed into a frenzied ballet of tuk-tuks, bikes, scooters, trucks, silk saris, cats, dogs, pigs, horses, monkeys, bovines, and an occasional car. Egypt and Jordan In the back of Woni’s closet, a suitcase spun on its wheels. Africa’s pyramids, camels, and safaris awaited. In Cairo, Woni braved erratic traffic on the way to the bizarre bazaars. From the hotel’s window, a glimmering Giza sunset foretold stories of the days to come. Before gazing on the glory of the Sphinx, Woni bathed in Cleopatra’s fabled pools. On New Year’s Eve, she partied on a cruise down the Nile. Shaded in the color of sunset, lay a vignette of a lost city. A chorus of prayers whispered through the ages. Camels, horses, and carriages paraded into Al Siq canyon. Cats chased dogs, while twisted lipped donkeys ran sideways. Upon leaving Petra, an exotic man drew Woni in. The Beduin described life in a cave village and spoke of the priceless artifacts he sold. With kohl-lined eyes, the nomad proposed marriage. In the end, he handed Woni a business card imprinted with the words “donkey engineer.” Morocco Woni breathed in the overlaid essences of Southern Europe and Northern Africa. Blessed palaces were graced with gold high arched doors. Inside the riads, mosaics decorated the ceilings, floors, and walls. Mosques scribed in calligraphy were touching to the artist’s soul. In the medina, mountains of ink-dyed spices resembled the nearby desert peaks. Flowing dresses with henna tattooed hands placed minted tea on the table. A macaque eyed the flavor-filled earthenware as the bowls passed by. Far from the turbaned snake charmers, goats miraculously climbed trees. The blues in Chefchaouen sent Woni into another realm. Toward the coast, waves rose to clap against the sculpted rock beaches. PIC SAFARI Safari, the Swahili word for “journey.” Tanzania After the deafening bush flight, a pounding headache followed Woni into the Serengeti Plain. Blinded by grit and covered in dirt, she cursed the bumpy 4×4 ride. Once the jeep reached its destination, Woni sighed and retreated to the room. Moments later, a flurry of faint knocks faded as she timidly opened the door. A Maasai gently placed a bottle of eye drops in Woni’s hand. With lions stalking nearby, only the Maasai escorted visitors around the lodge. The nomadic warriors were known to make a predator abandon its prey. When Woni’s vision cleared, she dressed for an earthy Tanzanian feast. The rough beginning lingered into the second day, ruining the first safari. Woni sat close to the watering hole, on the lookout for wildlife. “By 10:30 AM, the elephants will be here,” the host knowingly said. With a sarcastic laugh, she asked, “Do elephants have watches?” The host smiled and walked to the lobby. As predicted, she spotted “rocks” in the distance. The “rocks” grew larger and larger until a collection of elephant ears were seen. Woni gasped as seven gentle souls reached the watering hole. Iceland and Greenland Painted in subtle mossy hues, Woni drifted into surrealism. Optical illusions were sculpted from black sand, basalt stacks, and blinding glaciers. Explosions out of a whale’s blowhole challenged the geysers and waterfalls. Wild Icelandic horses roamed the highlands as cows nibbled fragile flora. Far from the puffin covered cliffs, a turf house stood forsaken on a treeless field. Under the midnight sun, hooves sheepishly climbed as ravens performed mating rituals.  On a jaunt from Iceland to Greenland, Woni met an engaging older woman. The sojourners bonded over Barbara Hillary’s inspiring polar expeditions. After sharing travel stories from near and far, she mysteriously vanished into the Kulusuk airport crowd. During the tour, the dueling guides traded glares as icy as the winds. Howls from huskies echoed off of the peaks, fjords, and pale blue icebergs. An intimate Greenland church opened onto a traditional drum dance. The Ammassalik museum curator fretted while a predator threatened the village. As a reminder of the last uninvited polar bear, a pair of white fur pants were on exhibit. The Californian fell hopelessly in love with wildlife framed by polar landscapes. Iceland, Greenland, Canada, and Antarctica were forever sketched in Woni’s memories. The United Kingdom A historian unlocked a chest of Celtic, Gaelic, and Norse folklore. Near the end of a rainbow, a leprechaun’s pot of gold stoked spirited beliefs. Literary dramas pitted dragons against medieval knights as maidens looked from afar. Donned in red wool in gold buttons, bearskin hatted men guarded kings and queens. Amidst the poetic palaces and horse-drawn carriages, words spun into fairytales. Within sight of London’s landmarks, Woni mused while walking past iconic taxis and red telephone boxes. Villages were a tapestry fringed with gothic universities, baroque churches, and thatched-roof houses. Along the countryside, animals grazed the fields of a garden and labyrinth maze. Time melted away as Woni wandered around Bath’s Roman city. Lonely chants echoed across the plains from Stonehenge’s inner circle. Wild, windswept seas crashed against the coasts’ rugged rocks. On rare sunny days, Woni explored the mesmerizing Cliffs of Moher and Snowdonia. After exploring Ireland and Wales, she joined a castle celebration. A lovely midsummer wedding borrowed a page from a storybook. Bagpipes plaintively wailed through the castle’s stone walls. The groom wore a red tartan kilt while the bride dressed in creamy, delicate lace. Topped in a crown of four-leaf clovers, two hands held a bouquet. The betrothed quivered down an aisle scattered with rose-petalled promises. Festive limericks, fiddling, jigs, and step dancing bid the ceremony farewell. Woni moved onward to the Scottish highlands and searched for a monster on Loch Ness. The Ottoman and Greco-Roman Empires On the sun-soaked coasts, cliffs stretched into a palette of aquamarines. Behind Byzantine walls, the harem practiced Muslim, Christian, and Jewish faiths. Traditions from east and west were woven and spun through carpets and potter’s wheels. The crossroads of the ancient world met in Istanbul’s bazaars. Above the Cappadocian landscapes, Woni sidestepped endless flirtations. A restauranteur proposed marriage in a village carved from stone. Thoughts flashed to Petra and the Bedouin’s proposal to live in a cave. She dined on vegetable shish kababs, while the Anatolian romanced with tulips and lemonade. Whirling with the speed of a dervish, Woni recklessly sipped Turkish coffee. By dawn, she floated in a balloon over Goreme’s whimsical fairy chimneys. Onboard, a crowd of short toothless sightseers elbowed, pushed, and shoved. Once the basket touched the earth, two of the crones’ pants were abruptly lowered. Never learning to hide or “hold it in” created a classic culture clash. A hot air adventure turned into a Friday night horror show. In the twilight, Greco-Roman metropolises were honed in smooth, creamy marble. Wisdom from distant lands shaped concepts, ingenuity, and artistry. Sacred bulls graced mosaic tiles while an evil eye swung in a cobbled passageway. Surrounded by colossal temples, cloaked worshippers kneeled. Graffiti on the white-veined walls led to the Palace’s changing of the guard. With a vegetable gyro in one hand and a frappe in the other, Woni slipped and slid along Athens’ marbled sidewalks. After the Sirtakis danced, she sailed toward the islands, into a cloud of dramatic white villages. The domes in Santorini were as blue as the iridescent Aegean Sea. Before long, a ferry spiraled back in time, to Crete’s Minoan culture. Italy In the early 2000s, Woni often crossed the border from Monaco to the Italian coast. By 2018, she stepped into the ancient center of the universe, Rome. In the shadow of the Colosseum, the Vatican havened divine art. Radiating wealth and power, cities were reminiscent of sculpted masterpieces. Along with automobiles, violins, and fashion, sensuality curved through cuisine, wine, and coffee. An ovation roared to an aria as Woni visited Venice, Pompeii, and the Amalfi coast. 14 PHOTOGRAPHS The First Black Woman to Travel to Every Country and Continent After flying from Southern Europe in September 2018, Woni Spotts’ documents showed travel to one hundred ninety-three official countries, four partially recognized countries (Palestine, Kosovo, The Vatican, and Taiwan), seven continents, and many territories. When news of Woni’s travel reached social media, she faced a travel rival’s threats and cyberbullying. In April 2019, Woni joined Travelers’ Century Club, a gold standard establishment organized in 1954. Independent archivists gathered passport stamps, photos, itineraries, filming permits, receipts, and airline tickets. The documents were researched, verified, and registered. Harriet Tubman’s Underground Railroad and Rosa Park’s heroic bus ride created a world where all Americans were able to travel. Olympians, scientists, and entertainers broke all of the color barriers. With a centuries-old American lineage, Woni felt humbled to share the “Black Experience.” She stood in awe of the living alchemists, able to transform human suffering into artistic expressions, innovations, and freedom. THE BLACK EXPERIENCE MUSIC GENRES: RELIGIOUS SPIRITUALS GOSPEL BLUES COUNTRY BOOGIE WOOGIE RAGTIME JAZZ SCAT SWING SOUL RAP R&B HIP HOP ROCK AND ROLL DISCO POP ETC. DANCE GENRES: BOOGIE WOOGIE CAKEWALK SWING RAGTIME CHARLESTON JITTERBUG TWIST JIVE JOOKIN HAND JIVE CRIP WALK POP LOCKING BREAK DANCE URBAN STREET DANCE MOONWALK HBCU MARCHING DANCE ETC. SPORTS AND COMPETITIONS: OLYMPIC MEDALISTS AND WORLD-CLASS CHAMPIONS BOXING BASEBALL FOOTBALL BASKETBALL TENNIS TRACK AND FIELD ICE SKATING SPEED SKATING HOCKEY BOBSLEDDING SOCCER GOLF SWIMMING WATER POLO VOLLEYBALL BADMINTON LACROSSE POLO HORSE RACING RODEO-COWBOYS RACE CAR DRIVING CYCLING ROCK CLIMBING FENCING ARCHERY BILLIARDS POKER CHESS DOMINOES GYMNASTICS CHEERLEADING YOGA BALLET ROLLER SKATING BODYBUILDING WRESTLING MARTIAL ARTS DOUBLE DUTCH JUMP ROPE BOWLING SPELLING BEES BEAUTY CONTESTS ETC. PRIZES, HONORS, AND AWARDS: MUSIC DANCE FILM TELEVISION THEATER LITERATURE SCIENCE INVENTIVENESS ACADEMICS ACTIVISM POLITICS THE MILITARY LEGENDARY LAWMEN LEWIS HOWARD LATIMER (AN EXPERT DRAFTSMAN, LATIMER IMPROVED THOMAS EDISON’S LIGHT BULB WITH CARBON-FILAMENT. THE INNOVATION KEPT THE BULB LIT. LATIMER WORKED WITH ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL ON THE TELEPHONE. LATIMER DEFENDED BELL IN COURT AGAINST A RIVAL INVENTOR SEEKING THE SAME PATENT.) HENRY SAMPSON (PIONEER OF THE CELL PHONE AND AWARDED SEVERAL PATENTS) MARK DEAN (INVENTED THE ISA SYSTEMS BUS AND THE GHZ RISC PROCESSOR CHIP) GERALD A. LAWSON (VIDEO GAME PIONEER) JOHN HENRY THOMPSON (DEVELOPED LINGO PROGRAMMING AND XOBJECTS) MARC REGIS HANNAH (3-D GRAPHICS TECHNOLOGY USED IN FILMS) VALERIE THOMAS LOWMAN (3-D OPTICAL ILLUSION) GEORGE R. CARRUTHERS (INVENTED THE IMAGE CONVERTER, ULTRAVIOLET CAMERA, AND SPECTROGRAPH) ROSCOE L. KOONTZ (INVENTED THE COLLIMATOR AND PINHOLE GAMMA RAY CAMERA) KENNETH J. DUNKLEY (INVENTED 3-D GLASSES) JAMES EDWARD WEST (INVENTED THE ELECTROACOUSTIC TRANSDUCER ELECTRET MICROPHONE) DR. DANIEL HALE WILLIAMS (HEART SURGERY PIONEER) PATRICIA ERA BATH (LASERPHACO / LASER EYE SURGERY) OTIS FRANK BOYKIN (INVENTED RESISTORS FOR GUIDED MISSILES AND CONTROL UNITS IN PACEMAKERS) ERNEST EVERETT JUST (MARINE BIOLOGY AND ZOOLOGY PIONEER) CHARLES RICHARD DREW (BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS AND BLOOD BANK PIONEER) GARRETT AUGUSTUS MORGAN (INVENTED THE THREE POSITION TRAFFIC SIGNAL AND THE GAS MASK) ALEXANDER MILES (MODERN-DAY ELEVATOR DESIGN PIONEER) BENJAMIN BANNEKER (ASTRONOMER, MATHEMATICIAN, SURVEYOR, NATURALIST AND ALMANAC AUTHOR) GRANVILLE TAILER WOODS (INVENTED THE MULTIPLEX TELEGRAPH AND RAILWAY DEVICES) BENJAMIN THORNTON (INVENTED THE PREDECESSOR TO THE ANSWERING MACHINE DEVICE) PHILIP B. DOWNING (INVENTED AN ELECTRICAL RAILWAY SWITCH AND THE MODERN DAY STREET POSTAL MAILBOX) HENRY BROWN (INVENTED A STRONGBOX FOR PERSONAL VALUABLES) CHARLES B. BROOKS (IMPROVED THE STREET-SWEEPER) NASA’S ENGINEERS, MATHEMATICIANS, SCIENTISTS, AND ASTRONAUTS (DOROTHY VAUGHAN, KATHERINE JOHNSON, MARY JACKSON, JEANETTE SCISSUM, MELBA ROY, ANNIE EASLEY, RONALD MCNAIR, FRED GREGORY, MAE JEMISON, ROBERT SATCHER, LELAND D. MELVIN, STEPHANIE WILSON, JOAN HIGGINBOTHAM, MICHAEL P. ANDERSON, GUION S. BLUFORD JR, CHARLES F. BOLDEN, YVONNE CAGLE, ROBERT L. CURBEAM, BENJAMIN ALVIN DREW, WINSTON E. SCOTT, BERNARD A. HARRIS JR. ETC) THOMAS ELKINS (DENTIST, ABOLITIONIST, SURGEON, AND PHARMACIST. (IMPROVED THE REFRIGERATION APPARATUS AND THE MODERN TOILET) FREDERICK MCKINLEY JONES (INVENTED THE PORTABLE REFRIGERATION MACHINE, A UNIT FOR MILITARY AIR CONDITIONING, THE SELF START GAS ENGINE, AND MOVIE PROJECTOR DEVICES) DAVID N. CROSTHWAIT JR. (INVENTED HEATING SYSTEMS FOR LARGE BUILDINGS, THE VACUUM PUMP, THERMOSTAT CONTROL, AND THE AUTOMOBILE TURN SIGNAL) C.R. PATTERSON AND SON’S CARS (HIGHER QUALITY THAN THE ASSEMBLY LINE PRODUCED FORD MODEL T) AUGUSTUS JACKSON (A WHITE HOUSE CHEF, PERFECTED ICE CREAM PREPARATION TECHNIQUES AND MANUFACTURING) GEORGE CRUM (CREATED POTATO CHIPS) 30 PAGE TRAVEL DIRECTORY Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda (St. John’s, Museum of Antigua and Barbuda, Public Market, Jolly Harbour, Dickenson Bay, Galley Bay, Hawksbill, Long Bay, Half Moon Bay, Pigeon Point Beach, Darkwood Beach, Ffryes Beach, Heritage Quay, Redcliffe Quay, Stingray City, Prickly Pear Island, Long Island, Montserrat Island, Devil’s Bridge National Park, Indian Town National Park, Nelson’s Dockyard National Park, Shirley Heights Lookout, Fort James, Fort Barrington, Betty’s Hope Plantation, Fig Tree Drive, McKinnon’s Salt Pond, Pink Beach, 17 Mile Beach, Frigate Bird Sanctuary, Darby Cave, Low Bay, Two Foot Bay, Gravenor Bay, and Martello Tower) The Bahamas (Nassau, Straw Market, Government House, Port Lucaya Marketplace, National Art Gallery, museums, Bay Street, Ardastra Gardens and Zoo, Cabbage Beach, Paradise Beach, Cable Beach, Harbour Island(pink sand), Dean’s Blue Hole, Blue Lagoon Island, Lucayan National Park, Inagua National Park(flamingos), Exuma Cays, Fort Charlotte, Fort Fincastle, Queen’s Staircase, Bimini, Long Island, Treasure Cay, Andros Island, Androsia-Handmade Batik Factory, and Pig Island) Barbados (Bridgetown, Hunte’s Gardens, Flower Forest, Andromeda Botanic Gardens, Carlisle Bay, Bottom Bay, Bathsheba, Crane’s Beach (pink sand), Welchman Hall Gully, St. Nicholas Abbey, Harrison’s Cave, Animal Flower Cave, Chalky Mount (artisans), Farley Hill National Park, Gun Hill Signal Station, Cricket Matches, Swimming with Turtles, Sunset Cruises, and Vervet Monkeys) Cuba (Havana, Trinidad, Holguin, Camaguey, Santiago de Cuba, Valle de Vinales, Zapata Peninsula, and Jardines del Rey) Dominica (Roseau, Dominica Museum, Dominica Botanic Gardens, Ti Tou Gorge, Boiling Lake, Emerald Pool Falls, Middleham Falls, Trafalgar Falls, Scotts Head, Hampstead Beach, Mero Beach, Champagne Beach, Point Baptiste, Carib Indian Territory, Morne Trois, and Pitons National Park) Dominican Republic (Santo Domingo, Los Haitises National Park, Damajaqua Cascades, Salto Del Limon Falls, Indigenous Eyes Ecological Park and Reserve, Cabarete Beach, Punta Cana, Merengue Street Dancing, and Street Art) Grenada (St. George’s, The Carenage, Grand Anse Beach, Morne Rouge Bay, Bathway Beach, Underwater Sculpture Park, Sandy Island Marine Park, Levera National Park, Grand Grand Etang National Park and Forest, Annandale Falls, Concord Falls, Dougaldston Spice Estate, Belmont Estate, River Antoine Rum Distillery, Belair Plantation, Fort Frederick, Fort George, and Fort Mathew) Haiti (Port-au-Prince, Marché de Fer-Iron Market, Grand Rue Musee d’Art, Musée du Panthéon National, Etang Saumâtre -Lake Azuei, Bassin Bleu-Waterfall, Furcy Forest, Pic la Selle, Sans-Souci Palace, Scale the La Citadelle la Ferriere, Jacmel, Cap-Haitien, and Fort Jacques) Jamaica (Kingston, National Museum of Jamaica, Hope Botanical Gardens and Zoo, Bank of Jamaica Money Museum, Hanover Museum, Montego Bay Culture Center, The People’s Museum, Devon House, Rose Hall Great House, Bellefield Great House, Bloomfield Great House, Good Hope Estate, Appleton Estate, Negril, Fort Charles, Trench Town, Bob Marley Museum, Bob Marley Centre- Mausoleum, Dunn’s River Falls, Blake Mountains, Blue Lagoon, Montego Bay, Falmouth, Black River, Treasure Beach, Boston Bay Beach, Ocho Rios Bay Beach, Cockpit Country’s Maroon Village, Reggae, Rastafari and Patois) St. Kitts and Nevis (Basseterre, National Museum of St. Kitts, Museum of Nevis History, Caribelle Batik inside Romney Manor, Brimstone Hill Fortress, Fairview Great House and Botanical Gardens, Independence Square, Black Rocks-Black Stone, Frigate Bay, Banana-Cockleshell Bays, Friar’s Bay, and Drunk Vervet Monkeys) St. Lucia (Castries, Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception and Museums, Central Market, Bounty Rum Distillery, Edmund Forest Reserve, Maria Islands, Barre de l’isle Forest Reserve, Diamond Falls Botanic Garden, Toraille Waterfall, Pigeon Island, Marigot Bay, Anse Cochon, and Piton Peaks-Sunsets) St. Vincent and The Grenadines (Kingstown, St. Vincent and The Grenadines Botanic Gardens, Layou Petroglyph Park , St. George’s Cathedral, St. Mary’s Cathedral, Barrouallie, Falls of Baleine, Bequia Island-Turtles, Chatham Bay Beach-Gold Sand, Britannia Bay Beach-White Sand, Macaroni Beach-White Sand, Endeavour Bay Beach-White Sand, Mt. Wynne Beach-Black Sand, Argyle-Beach-Black Sand) Trinidad and Tobago (Port of Spain, Red House, National Museum and Art Gallery-Trinidad, Queen’s Park Savannah, Stollmeyer’s Castle, Royal Botanic Gardens-Trinidad, Asa Wright Nature Center, Caroni Bird Sanctuary-Scarlet Ibis, Fort George, Fort King George, Balandra Bay, Temple in the Sea, Store Bay, Argyle Falls, Pigeon Point Beach, Pirate’s Bay, Grande Riviere-Turtles, Las Cuevas Bay, Maracas Bay, Salybia Bay, Steel Pan, Drums, and Limbo) Mexico, Central America, South America, and Antarctica Antarctica (South Pole Sign Post Port Lockroy-Post Office, Penguin Hatchery, Wildlife, Sailing Ice Breaker/Kayak/Zodiac, Mountaineering, Camping, Midnight Sun, and Polar Plunges) Argentina (Buenos Aires, San Telmo Street Tango, Casa Rosada, Obelisco, Teatro Colón, Museo Histórico Nacional, Museo Histórico Nacional del Cabildo y la, Revolución de Mayo, Planetario Galileo Galilei, Salinas Grandes-Salt Flat, Iguazu Falls, and Tierra Del Fuego-Patagonia) Belize (Belize City, Belize Sign Monument, Museum of Belize, Belize Zoo, Blue Hole, Actun Tunichil Muknal, Lamanai, Frio Rio Caves, Caracol, Cahal Pech, Xunantunich, Nohoch Cheʼen, and Mountain Pine Ridge Forest Reserve) Bolivia (La Paz, Mi Teleférico-Aerial Cable Car, Witches’ Market, Shaman, Museo del Tesoro, Museo de la Coca, Lake Titicaca, Tiwanaku-Puma Punku-Gateway of the Sun, Salar de Uyuni, Atacama Desert, Zongo Valley, Valle de la Luna, Valle de las Animas, Dinosaur Dance Floor, Madidi National Park, Reserva Nacional de Fauna Andina Eduardo Abaroa-Salvador Dali Desert, Laguna Colorada, Great Train Graveyard, Laguna Verde, Alasitas Festival, North Yungas Road-Death Road, and Mission Church of San Xavier) Brazil (Rio de Janeiro, Sugarloaf Mountain, Christ the Redeemer, Corcovado, Iconic Ipanema, Copacabana, Escadaria Selaron-Selaron Steps, Santa Teresa, Tijuca Forest, Iguazu Falls, Carnival, Samba, and Capoeiro-Martial Arts) Chile (Santiago, Valparaiso, Torres del Paine, Punta Arenas, San Pedro de Atacama, Valle de la Luna, Valle Nevado, The Marble Caves, La Serena, Lake District, Vicente Pйrez Rosales National Park, Pumalín Park, Wine Region, and Easter Island/Rapa Nui-Moai) Columbia (Bogata, Gold Museum-Quimbaya Airplanes, La Candelaria District, Botero Museum-Art, Tayrona Park, Caсo Cristales-River of Five Colors, Leticia, Ciudad Perdida, Medellin, Cartagena, Providencia Island, and La Guajira Peninsula) Costa Rica (San Jose, National Theatre of Costa Rica, Museo del Jade Marco Fidel Tristán Castro, Zoológico y Jardín Botánico Nacional Simón Bolívar Park, Poas Volcano National Park, and Las Bolas) Ecuador (Quito, The Quilotoa Loop, Canoa, Vilcabamba, and Cuenca) Galapagos Islands (Via Guayaquil) (Baltra Island, Isabela Island, Fernandina Island, Floreana Island and Santa Cruz Island) El Salvador (San Salvador, Cinquera Rainforest, Tazumal Ruins, Joya de Cerén, San Salvador Volcano, Santa Ana Volcano, Izalco, Ruta de las Flores and Lago de Coatepeque) Guatemala (Guatemala City, Antigua, Chocolate Museum, San Marcos, Xela, Tikal, Volcan Pacaya, Lake Atitlan, Semuc Champey, Chichicastenango Market and Guatemalan Coffee Farm) Guyana (Georgetown, Stabroek Market, St. George’s Cathedral, 1763 Monument, Kaieteur Falls, Shell Beach, and Cruise to a Maroon/Amerindian Village) Honduras (Tegucigalpa, Sula, Copan Ruins, Roatán-Coral Reef, Cayos Cochinos, Lake Yojoa, Pico Bonito National Park and West Bay Beach) Mexico (Mexico City, Teotihuacan Pyramids, National Museum of Anthropology, Yucatan Peninsula, Celestun Mangroves, Cancun, Merida, Uxmal, Kabah, Labna, Chichen Itza, Palenque, Los Cabos, Agua Azul Waterfalls, and Gran Cenote,) Nicaragua (Managua, Cerro Mogotуn, Bosawas Biosphere Reserve, Pearl Cays, Corn Islands, The Cliff Carvings of El Tisey, Masaya Volcano, and Somoto Canyon) Panama (Panama City, Panama Canal, Panamá Viejo, Gatun Lake, and Soberanía National Park) Paraguay (Asuncion, Iguazú Falls, Triple Frontier, Estancia Aventura, Encarnación, Gran Chaco, Santa Rita Tree Tunnel, Parque Nacional Ybycuí, La Santisima Trinidad de Paraná and Ruinas Jesuiticas de Jesús de Tavarangué) Peru (Lima, Larco Museum+Erotic Collection, Nazca Lines, Stones of Ica, Vinicunca, Cusco/Cuzco, Sacsayhuaman-Incan Ruins, and Ollantaytambo Fortress) Suriname (Paramaribo, Dutch Historic Quarter, Central Market, Fort Nieuw Amsterdam, Galibi Coppename Nature Reserve, Central Suriname Nature Reserve, Brownsberg Nature Park, Arya Dewaker, Suriname Mosque, Neveh Shalom Synagogue, St Peter and St Paul Cathedral, Presidential Palace of Suriname, Garden of Palms, and Cruise to a Maroon/Amerindian Village) Uruguay (Montevideo, Plaza Independencia, Constitution Square, Gateway of the Citadel, Pittamiglio Castle, Solís Theatre, Salvo Palace, Palacio Legislativo, Colonia del Sacramento, Costa de Oro, Punta del Este, and La Mano de Punta del Este-The Hand Sculpture) Venezuela (Caracas, Historic Quarter, Canaima National Park, Angel Falls, Auyán-tepui, El Ávila National Park, Morrocoy National Park, Mochima National Park, Gran Roque, Médanos de Coro National Park, and Playa El Agua) Asia Japan (Tokyo, Mount Fuji, Fuji Five Lakes, Hitachi Seaside Park, Chureito Pagoda, Sensoji Temple, Samurai Museum, Suginami Animation Museum, Orgiami Kaikan, Sumo Museum, Henn na Hotel-Robot Hotel, Arashiyama-Bamboo Forest, Kinkaku-ji, Kyoto, Fushimi Inari, Gion District-Geishas, Geisha Museum-Tea Ceremonies, Toji Temple, Kinkaku-ji Temple, Jigokudani Monkey Park-Nagano, Wisteria Tunnel-Kawachi Garden, Kitakyushu Museum of Natural History and Human History, Okayama Korakuen Garden-Cherry Blossoms, and Nara Park) Taiwan (Taipei, National Palace Museum, Sun Moon Lake, Taroko Gorge, Yushan National Park, Maokong, Maolin National Scenic Area, Alishan Scenic Mountain Area, Rainbow Village, Dragon and Tiger Pagodas, Penghu, Shilin Night Market, Yangmingshan Geysers, Chimei Museum, and Fo Guang Shan Buddha Museum) South Korea (Seoul, National Museum of Korea, Busan, Jeju Island, Boseong, Seoraksan National Park, Gyeongju, Jinhae, Demilitarized Zone, Pyeongchang, Jeonju, Incheon, Nami Island, and Karaoke Bars) North Korea (Pyongyang, Demilitarized Zone, Kim Il-sung Square, Juche Tower, Paektu Mountain, Myohyangsan, Arch of Triumph, Kumsusan Palace of the Sun, Worker’s Party Monument, Pyongyang Subway, Kim Il Song’s Mausoleum, and Pyongyang Stadium) Philippines (Manila, Jeepney Rides, National Museum of the Philippines, National Museum of Anthropology, Metropolitan Museum of Manila, Fort Santiago, Manila Ocean Park, Baywalk, The Minor Basilica and Metropolitan Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Manila Golden Mosque, Cebu Island-Sirao Flower Garden, Palawan-Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park, Batak People, Explore Marine Life, Bohol Island-Chocolate Hills, Boracay Island-White Beach, Luzon-Taal Volcano, Vigan, Laoag, La Paz Sand Dunes, Batad Rice Terraces, Banaue Rice Terraces, Hanging Coffins in Sagada, and Aeta Culture) Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur, Batu Caves, Kampung Kuantan Fireflies Park Cruises, Sabah-Labuk Bay, Proboscis Monkey Sanctuary, Kinabatangan River Cruise, Kinabalu Park-Rafflesia-Pitcher Plants, Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre, Mount Kinabalu, Sam Sing Kung Temple, Sandakan Fountain, and Puu Jih Shih Temple) Singapore (Singapore, Gardens by the Bay, National Museum of Singapore, National Gallery Singapore, National Gallery of Singapore, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Chinese and Japanese Gardens, and Kampong Glam) Brunei (Bandar Seri Begawan, Bandar Seri Begawan Waterfront, Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque, Jame’ Asr Hassanil Bolkiah Mosque, Istana Nurul Iman, Royal Regalia Museum, Malay Technology Museum, Kampong Ayer-Floating City, Taman Persiaran Damuan Park-Proboscis Monkeys, Muara Beach, and Gadong Night Market) Indonesia (Jakarta, Bali-Denpasar, Ubud, Jatiluwih Rice Terraces, Mount Agung, Pura Batukaru Temple, Uluwatu Temple, Penglipuran Village, Kehen Temple, Tibumana Waterfall, Monkey Forest, Elephant Cave, Bali Pulina Coffee Plantation, Bali Swing, Ubud Traditional Art Market, Tegallalang Rice Terraces, Java-Borobudur, Bromo Volcano, Ijen Crater Lake, Dieng Plateau, Komodo Island, Derawan Islands, Lengkuas Island, Raja Ampat, Bunaken National Park, Flores-Homo Floresiensis Cave, Flores-Wae Rebo Village, Seram Island-Ora Beach, Borneo-Tanjung Puting National Park, Sulawesi-Wakatobi National Park, and Togean Islands) Cambodia (Phnom Penh, Angkor Wat, National Museum of Cambodia, Royal Palace, Phnom Kulen, Banteay Srei Butterfly Centre, Wat Phnom, Phnom Tamao Wildlife Rescue Center, Sambor Prei Kuk, Koh Dach, Phnom Sampeau, Cambodia Landmine Museum, and Preah Vihear Angkor Night Market) Vietnam (Hanoi, Night Market in Hanoi Old Quarter, Ha Long Bay, Golden Bridge, Vietnam Museum Of Ethnology, Phong Nha Caves, Sapa Rice Terraces, Cu Chi Tunnels, Mekong Delta, Phu Quoc Island, Hue-Imperial City, Ho Chi Minh City/Saigon, Da Nang, Da Nang Museum of Cham Sculpture, Marble Mountains, Con Dao Islands, Ban Gioc Waterfalls, and Hang Nga-Crazy House) Thailand (Bangkok, Bangkok’s Grand Palace, Chiang Mai, Elephant Nature Park, Tiger Kingdom, Khao Yai National Park, Bo Sang Umbrella Village, Chiang Rai, White Temple, Old Siam, Royal Barges Museum, Golden Triangle, Krabi, Phuket, Ayutthaya Historical Park, Monkey Temples of Lopburi, Kayan Culture, Talad Rod Fai Srinakarin-Night Market, and Damnoen Saduak Floating Market) Myanmar/Burma (Naypyitaw, Inle Lake, Mandalay Hill, Mahamuni Pagoda, Kuthodaw Pagoda, Kayuktawgyi Pagoda, Bagan, Hot Air Balloon-Bagan, Bogyoke Aung San Market, and Kayan Culture) Laos (Vientiane, That Luang, Wat Sisaket, Xieng Khuan-Buddha Park, Bolaven Plateau-Tad Fane Waterfall, Vang Vieng, Bokeo, Luang Prabang, Luang Prabang-Night Market, Vat Phou, That Ing Hang Stupa, Plain Of Jars, and Mekong River) Bangladesh (Dhaka, Ahsan Manzil Palace, Taj MahalBangladesh, Lalbagh Fort, Sonargaon, Ethnological Museum-Chittagong, Sundarbans Mangrove Forest, St. Martin’s Island, Inani Beach, and Ratargul Swamp Forest) Sri Lanka (Columbo, Red Mosque, National Museum, Gangaramaya Temple, Galle Dutch Fort, Kandy, National Museum of Kandy, Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic, Royal Palace of Kandy, Bahirawakanda Vihara Buddha Statue, Natha Devale, Arthur’s Seat, World Buddhist Museum, Royal Botanical Gardens-Peradeniya, Kandy Lake, Udawattakele Forest Reserve, Kandy Clock Tower, Kandy Municipal Central Market, Dambulla Royal Cave Temple, Sigiriya Rock, Kandy to Ella Train, Nine Arch Bridge, Ravana Falls, and Dalawella Beach) Maldives (Malé, National Museum, Grand Friday Mosque, Sultan Mosque, Tsunami Monument, Male Fish Market, Artificial Beach, Over Water Huts, Explore Marine Life, Underwater Activities-Sub Scooter Rides, Island Hop to Baros, Fihalhohi, Hulhumale, Fulidhoo, Nalaguraidhoo, Milaidhoo, Asdhoo, Kuredu-Underwater Restaurant, Olhuveli-Uninhabited, Thoddoo Island-Maldivian Life, Feydhoo-Maldivian Life, and Vaadhoo-“Sea of Stars”) India (New Delhi-Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Swaminarayan Akshardham, Humayun’s Tomb, Chandni Chowk Markets, Agra-Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Itmad-ud-Daula, Tomb of Akbar the Great, Madhya Pradesh-Khajuraho Temples, Andaman Islands, Goa Beach, Gujarat-Ahmedabad, Rani Ki Vav, Lothal, Bhuj, Sun Temple, Diu, Dholavira, Adalaj Stepwell, Lakhota Fort, Shri Swami Narayan Mandir, Danta Ambaji, Wankaner, Dwarka, Rann of Kutch/Salt Desert, Vadla Bird Sanctuary, Modhera, Purna Wildlife Sanctuary, Marine National Park in the Gulf of Kutch, Rajasthan-Jaipur/Pink City, Chittorgarh, Jaisalmer, Udaipur, Jodhpur, Pushkar, Bundi, Ranthambore National Park, Uttarakhand-Rishikesh, Haridwar, Valley of Flowers, Ganges, Himalayas Foothills, Kashmir-Srinagar, Sonamarg, Gulmarg, Pahalgaum, Dal Lake, Shalimar Bagh Mughal Garden, and Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden) China (Beijing, Forbidden City, Summer Palace, Temple of Heaven, Tiananmen Square, Great Wall of China, Yangtze River Cruise, Honghe Hani Rice Terraces, Longsheng Rice Terraces, Huanglong Valley, Changbai National Park, Zhangye-Rainbow Mountains, Zhangjiajie-Peaks, Hanging Temple, Shanghai, Chinese Martial Arts Museum, Hong Kong, Guangdong Province-Cantonese Culture, Leshan-Giant BuddhaTerracotta Warriors, Chengdu Panda Centre, Beijing Opera, Chinese New Year Fireworks Display, China Orient Express, Gobi Desert-Camel Ride, and Inner Mongolia-Horseback Riding) Tibet (Lhasa, Potala Palace, Jokhang Temple, Barkhor Street, Mount Kailash, Namtso Lake, Yamdrok Lake, Lake Manasarovar, Sera Monastery, Palcho Monastery, Yumbulagang Palace, and Rongbuk Monastery) Nepal (Kathmandu, Nagarkot, Pokhara, Patan, Bhaktapur, Lumbini, Khumbu Valley, Sagarmatha National Park, and Chitwan National Park) Bhutan (Thimphu, Buddha Dordenma, Paro, Taktsang Monastery-Tiger’s Nest, Lhuntse, Phobjikha Valley, Haa Valley, and Punakhaand Chimi Lhakhang-Fertility Temple) Mongolia (Ulaan Baatar, Gandantegchinlen Monastery, Sükhbaatar Square, Flaming Cliffs-Bayanzag, Gobi Desert, Steppe, Yol Valley National Park, Genghis Khan Equestrian Statue-Tsonjin Boldog, Gorkhi-Terelj National Park-Turtle Rock, Orkhon Valley, Lake Hovsgol, Uvur Hoshoot, Tsagaan Suvarga-White Stupa, Golden Eagle Festival, and Throat Singing) Pakistan (Islamabad-Pakistan Monument, Lok Virsa Museum, Taxila Museum, Pakistan Museum of Natural History, Faisal Mosque, Shrine Of Hazrat Bari Imam Sarkar, Abbasi Mosque, Jinnah Park, Daman-e-Koh,Gilgit-Baltistan/Karakoram Highway/Hunza Valley/Kashmir, Peshawar-Mahabat Khan Mosque, Peshawar Museum, Qissa Khwani Bazaar, Bala Hisar Fort, Lahore-Chaukhandi Tombs, Badshahi Mosque, Lahore Fort, Sheesh Mahal, Lahore Museum, Bagh e Jinnah, Masjid Wazir Khan, Kasera Bazaar, Multan, Karachi-Mohatta Palace, Mazar-e-Quaid, Masjid e Tooba, Larkana, Mohenjo-Daro, Makli Necropolises, National Museum of Pakistan, Clifton Beach, Sandspit Beach, Zainab Market Karachi, and Ranikot Fort/The Great Wall of Sindh) Afghanistan (Kabul, National Museum Of Afghanistan, Lake Qargha, Darul Aman Palace, Tajbik Palace, Eidgah Great Mosque, Qale’H-Ye-Balahissar, Pul-e Khishti Mosque, Gardens of Babur, ARG Presidential Office, Jalalabad, Kandahar, Herat, Mazar-e Sharif, Balkh, Bamiyan, Bagram, and Samangan) Kazakhstan (Almaty, Kazakhstan National Museum, Central State Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Falcon Farm Sunkar, Panfilov Park, Zenkov Cathedral, Monument of Independence, Abay Kazakh State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater, Almaty Metro, Green Bazaar, Kazakh Museum of Folk Musical Instruments, Shymbulak Khan Shatyr Entertainment Center, Republic Square, Central Mosque, Ascension Cathedral, Kok-Tobe Mountain’s TV Tower, Shymbulak, Zelionyj Bazaar, Wild Apple Forests, Issyk Lake, Big Almaty Lake, Ile-Alatau National Park, Kolsai Lakes, Lake Kaindy, Altyn-Emel National Park, Tamgaly-Tas, Nomad’s Land, Turgen Gorge, Canyon Charyn, Bayterek Tower, Aral Sea-Rusting Ships, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Zharkent Mosque-Wooden Pagoda Style, Sacred Tree-Kieli Agash of Auliyeagash, Mount Sherkala and The Valley of Balls, BeketAta Underground Mosque, Aisha Bibi Mausoleum, Arystan Bab Mausoleum, and Turkestan) Kyrgyzstan (Bishkek, Burana Tower, Ala Archa National Park, Issyk-Kul Lake, Song Kul Pasture, Ala Kul, Altyn Arashan, Altyn Arashan Hot Springs, Jeti-Oguz, Jyrgalan Valley, Kel Suu, Tash Rabat, Osh, Peak Lenin, Kol-Tor Lake, and Ala Bel Mountain Pass) Tajikistan (Dushanbe, National Museum of Tajikistan, Rudaki Park, Kokhi Navruz, Museum of National Antiquities, Ismoili Somoni Monument, Haji Yaqub Mosque, Navruz Palace, Iskanderkul Lake, Sarez Lake, Kulikalon Lakes, Lenin Peak, Ismoil Somoni Peak, and Fedchenko Glacier) Uzbekistan (Tashkent, State Museum of History of Uzbekistan, Abdulla Murodxo’jayev 17a, State Museum of Applied Arts of Uzbekistan, Tashkent Tower, Navoi Theater, Kukeldash Madrasah, Chorsu Bazaar, Samarkand, The Zinda Necropolis, Ulugbek Observatory, Bukhara, Khiva, Aidarkul Lake, Aral Sea-Rusting Ships, Karakalpakstan, and Fergana Valley) Turkmenistan (Ashgabat, Old Nisa, Merv, Kunya-Urgench, Gonur Depe/Tepe, Yangykala Canyon, Turkmen Carpet Museum, Dinosaur Plateau, Gaurdak, Farm-Geokdepe Akhaltek Horses, Melon Day, Karakum Desert, and Darvaza Gas Crater) Azerbaijan (Baku, National Museum of History, Absheron National Park, Azerbaijan Carpet Museum, Fire Temple, Museum of Miniature Books, Flame Towers, The Maiden Tower, Mud Volcanoes of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev Center, Yanar Dag/Fire Mountain, Gobustan National Park-Rock Art, Bottle House of Ganja, Yanar Bulag Fire Spring, Besh Barmag Mountain/Candy Cane Mountains, Palace of the Shaki Khans, Lahıc, Astara, Hirkan National Park, Shirvan National Park, Ag-Gel National Park, Caspian Sea, Sheki, Lake Goygol, and Goyazan Mountain) Armenia (Yerevan, Vordan Karmir Armenian Carpet Museum, Tsitsernakaberd-Armenian Genocide Memorial, Lusik Aguletsi House-Museum, Armenian Alphabet Monument, Khor Virap Monastery, Mount Ararat, Lake Sevan, Etchmiadzin Cathedral, Geghard Monastery, Tatev Monastery, Karahunj-Megalithic Stones, Khndzoresk-Cave Village, Areni-1 Cave Complex, Jermuk Waterfall, Garni Gorge, Hunot Gorge-Mamrot Qar Waterfall, and Wings of Tatev-Cable Car) Georgia (Tbilisi, Georgian National Museum, Art Museum of Georgia, Tbilisi Open Air Museum of Ethnography, Georgian Museum of Fine Arts, Georgian Folk Art Museum, State Museum of Georgian Folk Songs and Instruments, National Botanical Garden of Georgia, Georgian National Opera Theater, Leaning Tower of Tbilisi, Rezo Gabriadze Puppet Theater, Tbilisi Auto Museum, Svan Towers, Dezerter Bazaar, Orbeliani Baths, Tbilisi Sulfur Baths, Narikala Castle, Batumi, Rabati Castle-Georgian International Carpet Festival, Alaverdi Monastery Cellar, Prometheus Cave, Vardzia Cave Monastery, Uplistsikhe-Cave City, Krubera Cave, Sataplia Nature Reserve, Katskhi Pillar, Chiatura, Svaneti, Tusheti, Shatili, Juta Valley, Kazbegi National Park, Martvili Canyon, Bakhmaro Resort, and Caucasus Mountains) The South Pacific and Oceania Australia (Canberra, Sidney, Chinese Garden of Friendship, Royal Botanic Gardens, Bondi Beach, Sidney Opera House, Sydney Harbour, The Giant Stairway, Mermaid Inlet Cliffs, Australian Museum, Great Barrier Reef, Daintree National Park, Mossman Gorge Centre-Dreamtime Walks, Warradjan Aboriginal Cultural Centre, Bamurru Plains, Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, Wycliffe Well, Perth, Lake Hillier/Pink Lake, Hutt Lagoon/Pink Lake, Hamelin Bay Beach, Nambung National Park-Pinnacles, Kings Park and Botanic Garden, Wave Rock, Penguin Island, Rottnest Island-Quokka Encounter, Marree Man, Melbourne, Ashcombe Hedge Maze, Mornington Peninsula, Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria, Alfred Nicholas Memorial Gardens, East Warburton Redwood Forest, Melbourne Museum, Moonlit Sanctuary Wildlife Conservation Park-Kangaroo and Koala Encounters, Collingwood Children’s Farm, Brighton Beach, Street Art, Aurora Australis/Southern Lights, and Great Ocean Road) New Zealand (Auckland-Auckland Museum, Auckland Art Gallery, Sky Tower, Rotorua-Wai-O-Tapu-Champagne Pool, Devil’s Bath, Whakarewarewa Forest-Red Wood Forest, Whakarewarewa-The Living Maori Village,Tree Church, Te Puia Maori Village, Te Whakarewarewa Geothermal Valley, Hobbiton Movie Set, Waiheke Island-Vineyards, Cape Reinga, Waitomo Glowworm Caves, Longest Place Name In The World, Queenstown-Queenstown Gardens, Bob’s Peak, Skyline Gondola, Lake Wakatipu, Little Paradise Lodge, Milford Sound, Lake Wanaka, The Wanaka Tree, Mount Aspiring National Park, Coronet Peak-Skiing, The Remarkables-Skiing, Aerial and Water Activities, Abel Tasman National Park, Franz Josef Glacier, Tokangawha/Split Apple Rock, Christchurch Botanic Gardens, Christchurch Gondola, Lake Tekapo, Steampunk HQ, Larnach Castle, Nugget Point, Tunnel Beach, Slope Point, and Ocean/Aerial Activities) Fiji (Suva, Fiji Museum, Thurston Gardens, Colo-i-Suva Forest Reserve, Mount Tomanivi, Coral Coast, Yasawas Islands, Mamanucas Islands, Taveuni Island, Firewalking Ceremony, Sri Siva Subramaniya Swami Temple, Kula Wild Adventure Park, Garden of the Sleeping Giant, and Tifajek Mud Pool and Hot Spring) Palau (Ngerulmud, Koror, Jellyfish Lake, Ngardmau Waterfalls, Etpison Museum, Belau National Museum, Traditional Bai House, Stone Monoliths, Peleliu Island-WWII History, Milky Way Lagoon, Swim with Dolphins, Manta Rays Etc.,Monoliths Of Babeldaob Island, Palau Aquarium, Scenic Flights, and Rock Islands) Marshall Islands (Delap-Uliga-Djarrit, Cactus Dome, Bikini Atoll, Arno Atoll, WWII Airplane Wreckage, Alele Museum, Library and National Archives, Majuro Bridge, and Cathedral of the Assumption-Majuro) Vanuatu (Port Vila, Port Vila Markets, Reef Vanuatu Zoological, Ekasup Village, Rarru Cascades, Mele Cascades, Yakel Village, Underwater Post Office, Vanuatu Cultural Centre,National Museum of Vanuatu, Mount Hope Waterfall, Matevulu Blue Hole, Nanda Blue Hole, Champagne Beach, Millennium Cave, Million Dollar Bay, SS President Coolidge, South Pacific WWII Museum, N’gol-Land Diving Ceremony, Cargo Cults of Tanna, Mount Yasur-Volcano, Ambrym Island, Mystery Island, Island Hop-Birds, Plants, Animals, Fishing, and Undersea Life) Micronesia (Palikir, Ethnic Art Institute of Micronesia, Bechyal Cultural Center, Sunset Park, Yap Art Studio Gallery, Colonia Bridge, Stone Money, Tamilyog Trail, Kepirohi Waterfall, Nan Madol, Sokehs Rock, Ant Atoll, Pilen Seleur Eel Pools, Pohnpaid Petroglyphs, Liduduhniap Falls, Lelu Island, Yela Valley Ka Forest, Blue Hole, and Chuuk/Truk Lagoon) Solomon Islands (Honiara, Solomon Islands National Museum, Honiara Botanical Gardens, Crafts Market Center,Honiara Central Market, Tenaru Falls, Mbonege Beach, Solomon Scouts and Coastwatchers Memorial, Solomon Islands Memorial Garden, Guadalcanal American Memorial, Bonegi I and II, Vilu War Museum, Japanese War Memorial, Lilisiana-Houses on Stilts, Riba Cave, Kwaibala Waterfall, Osi Lake, Skull Island, Kennedy Island, and Island Hopping) Tonga (Nuku’alofa, Tongatapu, Anahulu Cave, Hufangalupe-Land Bridge, Three-Headed Coconut, Haʻamonga, Talamahu Market, Swim with Whales, Island Hop-Pangaimotu, Fafa, Atata, and Island Hopping) Kiribati (Tarawa, Copra Factory-Coconut Processing, Giant Footprints, Maneaba-Meeting House, Parliament and Building Kiribati, WWII Sights, Tarawa, Kiritimati, Aranuka, Fanning, Abemama, Butaritari, and Banana Islands Etc.) Tuvalu (Funafuti, Funafuti Marine Conservation Area, Fatele-Traditional Dance and Song, Airstrip-Meeting Place, Tuvalu National Library, Marine Training Institute, Tuvalu Philatelic Bureau-Collectible Stamps, Village Bakery, Tuvalu Women’s Handicraft Centre, David’s Drill, Kilikiti Cricket, Motulalo Islet-WWII Relics, Tuvalu Mangrove Planting-Nanumea Atoll, and Island Hopping) Nauru (Yaren, Anibore Bay, Command Ridge-Highest Point, Central Plateau-Nauru, Moqua Well, Buada Lagoon, Aiwo Harbour, Sporting Events, Government Buildings, WWII Relics, and Island Hopping) Papua New Guinea (Port Morseby, Port Moresby Nature Park, Bomana War Cemetery, Kokoda Trail, Papua New Guinea National Museum and Art Gallery, Asaro Mudmen, and Mount Hagen) Timor-Leste (Dili, Archives and Museum of East Timorese Resistance, Tais Market, Chega Exhibition, Arte Moris, Santa Cruz Cemetary, Cristo Rei Dili Statue, Motael Church, Dili Cathedral, Tais Market, Matebian-Mountain, Nino Konis National Park, Fishing, Birding, Undersea Life-Atauro Island, Jaco Island, Beaches-Dolok Oan Beach,Betano, Lautem, and Areia Branca Hinterland) Tahiti (Papeete Papeete Market, Museum of Tahiti and Her Islands, Musée Gauguin, Black Pearl Museum, Notre Dame Cathedral-Papeete, Tomb of Pomare V, Bougainville Park, Water Gardens Vaipahi, Harrison Smith Botanical Garden, Huahine Natural Aquarium, Mara’a Grotto, Petroglyphs of Te Pari, Aorai Mountain, Arohoho Blowhole, Fautaua Waterfall, Three Waterfalls, Papenoo Beach, Teahupo’o, La Plage de Maui, Overwater Bungalow, and Island Hopping) Hawaii (Honolulu-Oahu-Diamond Head State, Monument Waimea Bay Beach Park, Manoa Falls, Hanauma Bay Marine Preserve, Chinatown, Pearl Harbor Monument, Big Island-Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, Hawaii Tropical Botanical Garden, Pepe’ekeo Scenic Drive, Hapuna Beach Park, Maui-Haleakala National Park, Iao Valley State Park, Kalepolepo Beach Park, Ka’anapali Beach, Hana Scenic Road, Kauai-Na’aina Kai Botanical Gardens, Waimea Canyon, Hanalei Valley, Kamokila Village, Tunnels Beach, and Island Hopping) Samoa (Apia-Samoan Cultural Center, Robert Louis Stevenson Museum, Baha’i’ House of Worship, Palolo Deep National Marine Reserve, Dwarves Cave, Sua Ocean Trench, Alofaaga Blowholes, Papaseea Sliding Rocks, Tafua Peninsula Rainforest Preserve, O Le Pupu-Pue National Park, Lake Lanoto’o National Park, Falealupo Rainforest Preserve, Saleaula Lava Fields, Pulemelei Mound, Falealupo, Papapapaitai Waterfall, Togitogiga Waterfall, Fuipisia Waterfall, Afu Aau Waterfall, Mu Pagoa Waterfall, Piula Cave Pool, Satoalepai Turtle Sanctuary, Lava Fields, Fiafia Night, Markets, Beach Fale/Hut-Overnight, and Island Hopping) Africa South Africa (Cape Town, Table Mountain, Boulder’s Beach, Cape of Good Hope, Kruger National Park, Robben Island, Garden Route, Wine Regions, Khwa ttu, World of Birds, Cango Caves, Tsitsikamma-Big Tree, Oudtshoorn-Ostrich Farm, Bathurst, Augrabies Falls, Johannesburg, The Apartheid Museum, Nelson Mandela Square, Durban, The Drakensberg, and St Lucia Estuary) Namibia (Windhoek, Walvis Bay, Cape Cross Seal Reserve, Sossusvlei Desert, Etosha National Park, Kolmanskop-Ghost Town, Kulala Desert Lodge, Spitzkoppe Rocks, Fish River Canyon, ǀUi-ǁAis, Swakopmund, Namib Desert, Himba People, and the Tropic of Capricorn Sign) Botswana (Gaborone, Kalahari Game Reserve, Kalahari Desert, San/Khoisan People, Okavango Delta, Chobe National Park, and Tsodilo Hills-Rock Art) Lesotho (Maseru, Sani Pass, Kome Caves, Subeng Stream-Dinosaur Footprints, Ha Baroana-Rock Art, Liphofung Cave and Cultural Center, Major Bell’s Tower and Fort, Sehlabathebe National Park, Ts’ehlanyane National Park, Bokong Nature Reserve, Mohale Dam, Katse Dam and Botanical Gardens, Maletsunyane Falls, and Thaba Bosiu Cultural Village) Eswatini (Mbabane, Umhlanga Ceremony-Reed Dance Festival, Swazi People, Hlane Royal National Park, Mkhaya Game Reserve, Mlilwane Wildlife Sanctuary, Malolotja Nature Reserve, Sheba’s Breasts, Sibebe Rock, Malolotja Nature Reserve, Ngwenya Mine, Malolotja Falls, Mlawula Nature Reserve, Lebombo Mountains, Manzini Main Market, Swazi Candles, and Ngwenya Glass Factory) Comoros (Moroni, Vola Vola Market, Lac Salé, L’île Aux Tortues And Ndroudé, Mitsamiouli Beach, Iconi, Mount Karthala, Moheli, Mahore/Mayotte, Anjouan, Chomoni And Bouni Beach, and Dziancoudre Waterfall) Mauritius (Port Louis, Eureka House, Pamplemousses Botanical Garden, Historic Souillac, Grand Baie, Cap Malheureux, Le Morne Brabant, Grand Bassin, La Vallée de Ferney, Frederica Nature Reserve, Seven Colored Earths, and Le Pouce) Seychelles (Victoria, La Digue, Bird Island, Silhouette Island, Mahé Island, Aldabra Atoll, Praslin, Frégate Island, Moyenne Island, Shark Bank, and Coco de Mer-Fruit) Madagascar (Antananarivo, Avenue of the Baobab Trees, Lokobe Strict Reserve, Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve, Tsingy Rouge Park, Lemurs’ Park, Lokobe National Park, Isalo National Park, and Nosy Sakatia) Mozambique (Maputo, Municipal Market, Quirimbas Archipelago-Vamizi Island, Bazaruto National Park, Bazaruto Archipelago and Vilanculos, Benguerra Island, Gorongosa National Park, and Dhow Sailing) Somalia (Mogadishu, Laas Geel, Cape Guardafui, Naasa Hablood, Kismayo National Park, Berbera Seaside, Hargeisa Provincial Museum, National Museum of Somalia, Shanghai Old City, and Mogadishu Cathedral) Ethiopia (Addis Ababa, National Museum of Ethiopia, Lalibela-Rock Churches, Aksum, Gondar, Harar, Omo Valley-Traditional People, Rift Valley, Blue Nile Falls, Lake Tana, Simien Mountains, and Danakil Depression) Eritrea (Asmara, National Museum Asmara, Massawa, Red Sea, Semenawi Bahri National Park, Hawatsu Reservoir And Copse, Fil Fil Forest, Dahlak Islands, Emba Soira Mountain Highlands, Qohaito ruins, and Keren) Djibouti (Djibouti City, Balho and Abourma Petroglyphs, Day Forest National park, Moucha Island, Grand Bara, and Lake Assal) Yemen (Sana’a/Sanaa, Old City, Dar al-Hajar, Al-Saleh Mosque, Ghumdan Fortress, Shimam/Shibam, Hababah Water Cistern, Zabid, Marib, Thula, Shaharah, Queen Arwa Mosque, Al-Qahira Castle, Gulf of Aden, and Socotra) Sudan (Khartoum, National Museum of Sudan, Meroe Pyramids-Kush/Nubia Kingdom, Musawwarat es-Sufra, and Dungonab Bay) Oman (Muscat, Al Alam Palace, Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque, Jebel Shams, Wahiba Sands, Wadi Ash Shab, Wadi Bani Khalid, Royal Opera House Muscat, Muttrah Souq, Musandam-Beaches, Misfat Al Abriyeen-Mud Village, Bahla Fort, and Nizwa Fort) United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi, Dubai Museum, Louvre-Abu Dhabi, Sharjah Museum of Islamic Civilisation, Mleiha Archaeological Site, Jebel Jais, Jebel Hafeet, Sharjah Arts Museum, Abu Dhabi Falcon Hospital, Global Village, Sheikh Zayed Mosque, Jumeirah Mosque, and Hajar Mountains Qatar (Doha, National Mosque of Qatar, Al-Fanar Islamic Cultural Center, Doha Desert, Doha Fort, Al- Zubarah Fortress, Al Jassasiya Carvings, Barzan Towers, Al Wakra Museum, National Museum of Qatar, and The Museum of Islamic Arts) Saudi Arabia (Riyadh, Mecca, Medina,Medain Saleh, Riyadh Desert, Mada’in Saleh, Old Jeddah, Ha’il-Rock Art, Jubba-Rock Art, Al-Ahsa-Oasis, Al Soudah, Empty Quarter, and Jebel Fihrayn-Edge of the World) Bahrain (Manama, Riffa, Al Fateh Grand Mosque, Bahrain Fort, Bahrain National Museum, Qal’at Al Bahrain, Manama Souq, Al Areen Wildlife Park & Reserve, and Royal Camel Farm in Bahrain) Kuwait (Kuwait City, Grande Mosque, Sadu House, Kuwait Towers, Kuwait National Museum, Tareq Rajab Museum of Islamic Arts, Tareq Rajab Museum of Islamic Calligraphy, Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmad Cultural Centre, Tareq Rajab Museum, The Scientific Center, Mirror House, The Avenues-Shopping, Al Shaheed Park, Al Kout Beach, Bayan Botanical Garden, and Liberation Tower) Iraq (Baghdad, Ishtar Gate, Citadel of Erbil, Tower of Babel, Ziggurat of Ur, Malwiya, Malwiyaand National Museum of Iraq-Baghdad Battery and Epic of Gilgamesh Cuneiform Tablets) Syria (Damascus, Krak des Chevaliers-Castle of the Knights, Ugarit Kingdom, Citadel of Aleppo, Ebla, Temple of Bel, Apamea, Hama, Azm Palace, Palmyra, and Al Hamra Street-Shopping) Lebanon (Beirut, National Museum of Beirut, Sursock Museum, Gibran Museum, MIM Mineral Museum, Moussa Castle, Byblos Castle, Qala’at Sanjil, Kadisha Valley, Cedars of God, Al Shouf Cedar Nature Reserve, Tyre Beach, Qurnat as Sawda’, Raouche Rocks, Baatara Gorge Waterfall, Sidon Sea Castle, Beqaa Valley, Château Ksara, Old Souq, and Baalbek) Cyprus (Nicosia, Kolossi Castle, Morphou Archaeology and Nature Museum, Cyprus Historic and Classic Motor Museum, Cyprus Museum, Oleastro Olive Park and Museum, Coral Bay, Larnaca Salt Lake, Fig Tree Bay, Nissi Beach, Mount Olympus, Hala Sultan Tekke, Paphos Castle, Kyrenia Castle, Kato Paphos Archaeological Park, Ayios Lazaros, Aphrodite’s Rock, and Kykkos Monastery) Palestine (Ramallah, East Jerusalem, Hisham’s Palace, Khan al-Umdan, Haram al-Sharif, Herodion National Park, Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Monastery of the Temptation, Zedekiah’s Cave, Deir Ghassaneh, and Sebastia) Israel (Jerusalem, Gaza Strip, Sea of Galilee, Bahá’í Gardens, Mount Zion, The Israel Museum, Masada National Park, and Yad Vashem) Algeria (Algiers, Jardin d’Essai du Hamma, Kasbah, Martyrs’ Memorial, National Museum of Fine Arts of Algiers, Notre-Dame d’Afrique, Bardo National Museum of Prehistory and Ethnography, Beni Hammad Fort, Fort of Santa Cruz, Ketchaoua Mosque, Djurdjura National Park, Algerian Desert, Tipaza, Djemila, Medracen, and Timgad) Libya (Tripoli, Red Castle Museum, Arch of Marcus Aurelius, Gurgi Mosque, Roman Ruins, Leptis Magna, and Ghadames Oasis) Mauritania (Nouakchott, Banc d’Arguin, Diawling National Park, Adrar Plateau, Chinguetti Mosque, National Museum of Mauritania, Ben Amera, and Eye-Richat Structure) Western Sahara (Laayoune, Foum El Wad-Beach, Sunset Camel Rides, Desert Stargazing) Tunisia (Tunis, National Bardo Museum, The Medina, El Djem, Carthage, Kairouan, Dougga/Thugga, Monastir Ribat, Sousse Medina, Bulla Regia, Hammamet, Chott el Djerid, Grand Erg Oriental, and Sidi Bou Said) Iran (Tehran, Yazd, Persepolis, Bisotun, Qeshm-Valley of the Stars, Chogha Zanbil, Golestan Palace, Bridges of Esfahan, Sa’dabad Complex, Nasir ol-Molk Mosque, Naqsh-e Jahan Square, Kashan, Pigeon Towers, Taq-e Bostan, Chehel Sotoun, Katalekhor Cave, Hormoz Island, Anzali Lagoon, Grand Bazaar, and Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System) Egypt (Cairo, Pyramids of Giza, Great Sphinx, Egyptian Museum, Khan el-Khalili-Bazaar, Alexandria, Nile Cruise, Valley of the Kings, Valley f the Queens, Luxor, Karnak, Sekhmet, Aswan Dam, Abu Simble, and Nubian Villages) Morocco (Rabat, Marrakesh, Fez/Fes, Sous Valley-Argania Tree Goats, Casablanca, Tangier, Ait Benhaddou, Legzira Beach, Ouzoud Waterfall, Merzouga-Desert, and Blue Village of Chefchaouen) Jordan (Amman, Petra, Wadi Rum, Qasr Ama, Jerash, Mount Nebo, Dana Biosphere Reserve, Jordan Archaeological Museum, Jordan Museum, Jordan Folklore Museum, Jerash, Madaba Map and, The Dead Sea) Kenya (Nairobi, Mombasa Giraffe Manor, The Maasai, Maasai Mara National Reserve, Swahili People, Tsavo National Park, Lake Nakuru National Park, Amboseli Game Reserve, Mount Kenya, and Lake Turkana) Tanzania (Dodoma, Dar es Salaam, Mount Kilimanjaro, Masai Village, Iraqw Village, Stone Town, Zanzibar Beaches, Lake Victoria, Selous Game Reserve, Serengeti National Park, Katavi National Park, Oldupai Gorge, Gombe Stream National Park, Lake Manyara National Park, Tarangire National Park, Arusha National Park, Ruaha National Park, and Ngorongoro Conservation Area) Uganda (Kampala, Entebbe Botanical Garden, Kasubi Tombs, Craft Market, Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Queen Elizabeth National Park, Lake Mburo National Park, Murchison Falls, Kasubi Tombs, Uganda Museum, Uganda National Cultural Centre, and Kayabwe Equator) South Sudan (Juba, Sudd, Boma National Park, Southern National Park, Kidepo Game Reserve, and Nimule National Park) Rwanda (Kigali, National Museum of Rwanda, Butare, Volcanos National Park, Ruhengeri, Akagera National Park, Nyagatare, Nyungwe Forest National Park, Nyanza, and Rwesero Art Museum) Burundi (Gitega, National Museum of Gitega, Gishora, Kibira National Park, Chutes de la Karera Falls, Rusizi River National Park, Bujumbura, Ruvubu National Park, Lake Rwihinda Natural Reserve, Kigwena Natural Forest, and Source du Nil) Malawi (Lilongwe, Liwonde National Park, Mount Mulanje, Chintheche-Lake, Kande Horse Stables, Livingstonia, Karonga, Mzuzu, Vwaza Marsh Wildlife Reserve, Nkhata Bay, Nyika National Park, Lake Malawi, Chongoni Rock Art Area, Nkhotakota Wildlife Reserve, Ntchisi Forest Reserve, Senga Bay, and Carlsberg Brewery) Zimbabwe (Harare, Victoria Falls, Hwange National Park, Mana Pools National Park, Matusadona National Park, Natural History Museum Of Zimbabwe, Great Zimbabwe National Monument, Matobo National Park, Chimanimani National Park, Chinhoyi Caves, Bvumba Botanical Reserve, and Mutare Museum) Zambia (Lusaka, Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park-Victoria Falls, Devil’s Pool, Kalambo Falls, South Luangwa National Park, Lusaka National Park, Lusaka National Museum, Freedom Statue, Kafue National Park, Bangweulu Wetlands, Lilayi Elephant Nursery, Lower Zambezi National Park, Shiwa House, Livingstone Museum, Kasama Rock Art, and Kifubwa Stream Rock Shelters) Angola (Luanda, Fortress of São Miguel, National Museum of Slavery, Museu Nacional de História Natural de Angola, Quiçama National Park, Kalandula Falls, Viewpoint of the Moon, Tunda Vala Fissure, Arch Lagoon, Parque Nacional de Kissama, Malanje, Cangandala National Park, Iona National Park, Mupa National Park, Maiombe Forest, and Serra da Leba) Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa, Musée National de Kinshasa, Virunga National Park, Nyiragongo Volcano, Senkwekwe Mountain Gorilla Center, Okapi Wildlife Reserve, Kahuzi-Biéga National Park, Chutes du Zongo, Serpents du Congo, and Congo River-Cruises) Central African Republic (Bangui, Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park, Dzanga-Ndoki National Park, Bamingui-Bangoran National Park, Bouar Megaliths, Kembe-Traditional Village Life, Lobaye-Batwa People, and Boali Waterfalls) Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville, Les Dépêche de Brazzaville Gallery, Marche Central, L’Institut Français du Congo, Basilique Sainte-Anne, Bonobo Nursery Sanctuary, Symphonies Naturelles, Kisantu Botanical Gardens, and Congo River-Cruises) Gabon (Libreville, Loango National Park, Lambaréné, Pongara National Park, Akanda National Park, Lopé National Park, Makokou, and Kongou Waterfalls) Equatorial Guinea (Malabo, St. Elizabeth’s Cathedral, Malabo, Pico Basilé, Malabo National Park, Monte Alén National Park, Monte Alen National Park, Moka Valley, and Arena Blanca-Luba) Cameroon (Yaounde, Ekom-Nkam Falls, La Nouvelle Liberté, Limbe Wildlife Centre, Foumban Palace, Limbe Botanic Garden, Sabga Hill, Bamenda Handicraft Cooperative, Mandara Mountains, Waza National Park, Korup National Park, Bimbia Slave Port, and Benue National Park) Chad (N’Djamena, Ennedi Plateau, Zakouma National Park, Guelta d’Archei Lake, Aloba Arch, Manda National Park, and Lake Yoa) Niger (Niamey, Agadez Mosque, Grand Mosque of Niamey, Lake Chad, Zinder, Djado, Musée National Boubou Hama, and W National Park) Mali (Bamako, Great Mosque of Djenné, Bandiagara Escarpment, National Museum of Mali, Inner Niger Delta, Grand Mosque of Bamako, Boucle du Baoulé National Park, Mali National Park, Djinguereber Mosque, Artisan Market, Bamako, Grand Mosque, and Timbuktu) São Tomé and Príncipe (São Tomé, Rolas Island, Obo Natural Park, Sao Sebastiao Museum, Pico Cao Grande, Lagoa Azul, and Museu Nacional De Sao Tome And Principe) Cape Verde (Praia, Sal, Pico do Fogo-Volcano, Monte Verde, Serra da Malagueta Ribeira Brava, and Chaves Beach) Senegal (Dakar, Lake Retba-Pink Lake, IFAN Museum of African Arts, Museum of Black Civilisations, Galerie Arte, Institut Français du Sénégal, Niokolo Koba National Park, Ile de Madeleine, Bassari Country, Djoudj Bird Sanctuary, Grand Mosque of Dakar, Mosque of the Divinity, Our Lady of Victories Cathedral, Dakar, African Renaissance Monument, Langue de Barbarie, and House of Slaves/Door of No Return) Nigeria (Abuja, Lagos, Zuma Rock, Kajuru Castle, Idanre Hills, Olumo Rock, Gurara Waterfalls, Erin Ijesha Waterfalls, Farin Ruwa Falls, Ikogosi Warm Springs, Oguta Lake, Yankari National Park, Gashaka Gumti National Park, Art and Craft Village, Ogbunike Caves, Obudu Mountain Resort, Ngwo Pine Forest, Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove, Sukur Cultural Landscape, Millennium Park, Ancient Kano City Walls, Nok Settlement, and Olumide Oresegun Art Exhibit) Ghana (Accra, Kakum National Park, Cape Coast Castle, Elmina Castle, Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Park and Mausoleum, Independence Arch, Wli Waterfalls, Aburi Botanical Gardens, and Labadi Beach) Burkina Faso (Ouagadougou, Musée de Manega, Village Artisanal de Ouagadougou, Nazinga Game Ranch, Kibidwé, Pics de Sindou, Domes de Fabedougou, Cascades de Karfiguela, Douroula, and Bobo-Dioulasso Grand Mosque) Benin (Porto-Novo, Royal Palaces of Abomey, Musée Honmé-Royal Palace, Ganvie-Lake Village on Stilts, Dantokpa Market, Door of No Return-Ouidah, Pendjari National Park, Museum of the Zinsou Foundation, Arly-Singou, Parc Archeologique d’Agongointo, Kobourou Palace, and Ouadada Cultural Center) Togo (Lome, Independence Monument, Koutammakou, Lake Togo, and Akodessawa Fetish Market) Cote d’Ivoire (Yamoussoukro, Taï National Park, Musée des Civilisations de Côte d’Ivoire, Basilica of Our Lady of Peace, Jardin Botanique de Bingerville, and Iles Ehotile National Park) Liberia (Monrovia, Liberian National Museum, Lake Piso, Mount Wuteve, Providence Island, Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve-Border, and Sapo National Park) Sierra (Freetown, Sierra Leone National Museum, John Obey Beach, Tacugama Chimpanzee Sanctuary, Tiwai Island Wildlife Sanctuary, Mount Bintumani, and Outamba-Kilimi National Park) Guinea (Conakry, National Museum, Sandervalia National Museum, Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve, Fouta Djallon, and Iles de Los) Guinea-Bissau (Bissau, Orango National Park, Rubane Island,Lagoas Cufada, Varela, Cantanhez Forests, Cacheu River Mangroves, João Vieira-Poilão Marine, and Dulombi-Boe National Park) Gambia (Banjul, Stone Circles of Senegambian, River Gambia National Park, Kunta Kinteh Island, National Museum of the Gambia, Albert Market, Arch 22, and Tanji Village Museum) Europe Russia (Moscow, Red Square, Cathedral Square, Lenin’s Mausoleum, Great Bell Tower, Tsaritsyno Palace, Gorky Park, Ostankinskaya TV Tower, Bolshoi Theater, Moscow Metro, Tretyakovskaya Art Gallery, VDNKh, Tverskaya Street, the Kremlin, St. Petersburg, Hermitage Museum, Autumn Park alley, Peterhof Palace, Lake Baikal in Siberia, Volga River, Museum of Cosmonauts, and Museum of Soviet Arcade Machines) Norway (Oslo, Opera House, Munch Museum, Viking Ship Museum, Slottskogen Garden Palace, National Museum and National Gallery, Norwegian Museum of Cultural History, Frogner Park, Fram Polar Ship Museum, Pulpit Rock, Old Stavanger, Mount Fløyen, Bergen, Hardanger Fjord, Trolltunga, and Geiranger Fjord) Sweden (Stockholm, Gamla stan, Djurgården, Östermalm, Stockholm Archipelago, Öland, Sigtuna, Skåne, Hven, Lake Mälaren, Jukkasjärvi, Jokkmokk, Kalmar, Kebnekaise, Kosterhavet National Park, Abisko, Åre, High Coast, Visby, Malmö, and Gothenburg) Finland (Helsinki, Ateneum-Finnish National Museum of Art, Kansallismuseo-Finnish National Museum, Seurasaari-Open-Air Museum, Keskuspuisto-Central Park, Sibelius Monument Park, Hietaniemi, Finlandia Hall, Helsinki Railway Station, Kauppatori-Market Square, Temppeliaukio Church-Rock Church, Uspenski Cathedral, Suomenlinna, Air Guitaring Event, and Wife Carrying Contests) Denmark (Copenhagen, Little Mermaid Sculpture, National Museum of Copenhagen, Rosenborg Castle, Nyhavn Waterfront, Frederiks Church, Grundtvig’s Church, Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse, Odense-Birthplace of Hans Christian Anderson, Funen open-air village, Mons Klint,The Black Rebel Queen Monument, National Aquarium of Denmark /The Blue Planet, and Roskilde Festival) Greenland (Nuuk, Greenland National Museum, Nuuk Art Museum, Nuuk Cathedral, Ilulissat Icefjord, Sermermiut Eskimo Settlement, World of Greenland, Northeast Greenland National Park, Scoresby Sund, Scoresby Sund, Jakobshavn Glacier, Cape Farewell, Gunnbjørn Fjeld, Qaqortoq Museum, Cultural Center-Katuaq, Hvalsey Church, Tasiilaq, Uunartoq Hot Springs, Northern Lights, Arctic Circle Trail, Dog Sledding, and Whale Watching Cruise) Estonia ( Tallin, St. Olaf’s Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Town Hall, Toompea Castle, Linnahall , Tallin Tower, Estonian History Museum, Estonian National Museum, Pikk, Open Air Museum, Walls of Tallinn, Kadriorg Park with museums and monuments, Raeapteek, St. Nicholas’ Church and Museum, St. Mary’s Cathedral, Sokos Hotel Viru, and Lahemaa National Park) Latvia (Riga, Old Town, Latvian Ethnographic Open-Air, Museum of Latvia, Latvian National Opera, Small Guild, Ventspils Beach, St. Mary Magdalene’s Church, and Changing of the Guard) Lithuania (Vilnius, Gates of Dawn, Bastion of the Vilnius Defensive Wall, St. Anne’s Church, Vilnius Cathedral, National Museum of Lithuania, Vilniaus Sv. Apastalu Petro ir Povilo parapija, Gediminas’ Castle, Kaunas-Museum of Devils, Three Crosses, Hill of Crosses,Trakai Island, Open-Air Museum of the Centre of Europe, Kernave, and Curonian Spit) Belarus (Minsk, National Library of Belarus, Minsk Botanical Garden, Gorky Park, Holy Spirit Cathedral, Church of Saints Simon and Helena, National Academic Bolshoi Opera and Ballet Theatre, Belarusian National Arts Museum, Brest Hero-Fortress, and Bielaviežskaja Pušča National Park) Poland (Warsaw, Gdańsk, Neptune’s Fountain, Long Lane, Golden Gate, Polish Baltic Frédéric Chopin Philharmonic, Gdansk History Museum, Long Market, Klif Orłowski, Słowiński National Park, Krzywy las/Crooked Forest, and Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau) Czechia (Prague, Charles Bridge, Prague Castle, St. Vitus Cathedral, Prague Astronomical Clock, Old Town Square, Petřín, Strahov Monastery, Golden Lane, Municipal House, Old Town Hall, Národní Muzeum, Church of Our Lady before Týn, Karlštejn Castle, Dancing House, and South Moravia to South Bohemia) Slovakia (Bratislava, Bratislava Castle, Hrad Devín/Devín Castle, Michael’s Gate, Old Town, Old Market, Primate’s Palace, Main Square, Old Slovak National Theatre, Schloss Hof, Bratislava City Museum, and the Danube River) Hungary (Budapest, Buda Castle, Hungarian Parliament Building, Széchenyi Thermal Bath, Széchenyi Chain Bridge, City Park, Fisherman’s Bastion, Gellért Hill, Hungarian State Opera, Vajdahunyad Castle, Museum of Fine Arts, Margaret Island, and the Danube River) Ukraine (Kiev, Vozdvizhenka District, Kiev Pechersk Lavra, St. Vladimir’s Cathedral, St. Sophia’s Cathedral, Mariyinsky Palace, Andriyivskyy Descent, Hryshko National Botanical Garden, National Opera of Ukraine, National Museum of the History of Ukraine, National Museum of Folk Architecture and Life of Ukraine, and Khreschatyk Street) Moldova (Chisinau, Căpriana Monastery, National Museum of Ethnography, Natural History, Triumphal Arch, Chișinău Botanical Garden, Cricova Winery, Soroca, Old Orhei, and Transnistria) Romania (Bucharest, Snagov Monastery, Crețulescu Palace, Romanian Athenaeum, Dimitrie Gusti National Village Museum, National Museum of Art of Romania, National Museum of Romanian History, Arcul de Triumf, Pasajul Macca-Vilacrosse, Transylvania, Bran Castle, Romanian Peasant Museum, Hoia Baciu Forest, Letea Forest, Danube Delta, and Carpathian Mountains) Bulgaria (Sofia, Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, the National Museum of Natural History, the National Historical Museum, Ivan Vazov National Theatre, National Art Gallery, National Archaeological Museum, Vitosha Street, Borisova Gradina, Seven Rila Lakes, and Largo) Croatia (Zagreb, Riva Harbor and Palace, Diocletian’s Palace, Split Ethnographic Museum, Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments, Archaeological Museum, Saint Domnius Cathedral and Plitvice Lakes National Park, Dalmatia Coastline-Split, Dubrovnik, Trogir, Zadar, Hvar, Šibenik, Biograd, and Rogoznica) Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo, Mostar, Stari Most-Old Bridge, Crooked Bridge, Old Bazaar, Blagaj Tekke, Kravice Falls, Herzegovina Museum, Koski Mehmed Pasa Mosque, and Pocitelj) Serbia (Belgrade, Danube River, Zindan Gate, Knez Mihailova Street, Nikola Tesla Museum, National Museum in Belgrade, and Museum of Yugoslavia) Kosovo (Pristina, Kalaja Fortress, Kosovo Museum, National Theatre of Kosovo, and Prizren) North Macedonia (Skopje, Old Bazaar, Stone Bridge, Fortress, Museum of Macedonia, Memorial House of Mother Teresa, Canyon Matka, and Lake Ohrid) Montenegro (Tivat, Kotor, Perast, Ostrog Monastery, Lake Skadar, Black Lake, Ulcinj, Lovćen park-Njegoš Mausoleum, Tara River Canyon, Stari Bar, and Tara River Canyon) Albania (Tirana, Skanderbeg Square, National Museum of History, Skanderbeg Monument, the National Museum of Fine Arts, and Natural Sciences Museum Sabiha Kasimati, Cave of Pellumbas, Rozafa Castle, Berat City, Lake Ohrid, and Lake Skadar) Greece (Athens, Acropolis of Athens, Parthenon, Acropolis Museum, Plaka, Temple of Olympian Zeus, Ancient Agora of Athens, Syntagma Square, National Archaeological Museum, Kalimarmaro Stadium, Old Royal Palace, Parliament, Delphi Temple of Apollo, Arachova Carpets, Plaka-Cobblestone Streets, Street Graffiti, Marbled Sidewalks, Sirtaki Dancers, Presidential Palace-Changing of the Guard, Santorini-Thira-Cyclades Islands, Oia, Imerovigli, Firostefani, Fira Town, Venetian Castle of Pyrgos, Megalochori, Venetian Lighthouse, Red Beach, Akrotiri Archeological Site, Vlichada Port, Perivolos-Black Sand Beach, Crete-Arkadi Monastery, Knossos Palace, Old Venetian Harbor, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, Venetian Loggia, Archaeological Museum of Rethymno, Malia Palace Archaeological Site-Minoan, Botanical Park & Gardens Of Crete, CRETAquarium Thalassókosmos, Psychro Cave, Lake, Lake Kournas, Cretan Beaches, Wine Country) Vatican (Changing of the Swiss Guard, Vatican Museums, Sistine Chapel-Michelangelo’s Frescos, Gardens of Vatican City Saint Peters Basilica, Saint Peter’s Square, Castel Sant’Angelo, Apostolic Palace, and Vatican Necropolis) Italy (Rome, Colosseum, Trevi Fountain, Pantheon, Uffizi Gallery, Roman Forum, Piazza San Marco, Arch of Constantine, Piazza di Spagna, Spanish Steps, Piazza Navona, Castel Sant’Angelo, Palatine Hill, Janiculum, Piazza Venezia, Borghese Gallery and Museum, Villa Borghese, Fiumi Fountain, Piazza del Popolo, St. Angelo Bridge, Capitoline Museums, Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, Campo de’ Fiori, Campidoglio, Circus Maximus, Mouth of Truth, Baths of Caracalla, Domus Aurea, Trajan’s Column, and Quirinal Palace, Venice, Naples-Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Amalfi Coast, Pompeii, Isle of Capri, Florence-Pitti Palace/Museum of Costume and Fashion, Palazzo Vecchio, Piazzale Michelangelo, Uffizi Gallery, Galleria dell’Accademia-Michelangelo’s David, Tuscany, Elba, Milan-Basilica di Santa Maria delle Grazie, Violin Museum-Stradivarius, Lake Region in Northern Italy, Dolomites-Lake Como,Verona-Juliet’s House, Umbria, Turin-Museo Nazionale dell’Automobile, Museo Lavazza, Genoa, Parco Nazionale Delle Cinque Terre, Pisa-Leaning Tower of Pisa, Sicily-Valley of the Temples, Sardinia, and Matera-City of Caves) Turkey (Istanbul-Blue Mosque, Hagia Sophia, Hippodrome, Basilica Cistern with Medusa, Topkapi Palace Museum-Harem Quarters, Grand Bazaar, Turkish and Islamic Arts Museum, Carpet And Kilim Museum, Dolmabahce Palace, Chora Museum, Galata Tower, Bosporus, Izmir-Ephesus, Pergamon, Aegean Sea, Pamukkale-Hierapolis, Antalya-Aspendos, Hadrian’s Gate, Oludeniz, Mediterranean Sea, Fethiye, Bodrum Castle, Patara Beach, Ankara-Anıtkabir, Konya, Black Sea, Cappadocia, Sumela Monastery-House of Virgin Mary, Gobekli Tepe, Mount Nemrut, Ani Ruins, and Mount Ararat) UK ( London, Buckingham Palace, Changing of the Guard, Kensington Palace, Tower of London, Tate Modern, Victoria and Albert Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, the British Museum, Westminster Abbey, St. Paul’s Cathedral, Houses of Parliament, Big Ben, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square, Greenwich Royal Observatory, Hampton Court Palace, The Shard, London Eye, Hyde Park, River Thames, Harrods, Leadenhall Market, Waterstones, Piccadilly Circus, Oxford Street, 221B Baker Street-Sherlock Holmes, Jack the Ripper Whitechapel Walk, Oxford, Cambridge, Cumbria-King Arthur’s Round Table, St George’s Day-Dragon Slaying Festival, Bath, Dorset, Devon, Cornwall, Scilly Isles, Jersey, Guernsey, Isle of Man, Sherwood Forest, Stonehenge, Longleat-Hedge Maze, Crop Circles, Pub Culture, Cricket, Soccer, Wimbledon Tennis, Horse-Drawn Carriage Ride, Hackney Carriage-London Taxi, Red Telephone Box, and High Tea) Ireland (Dublin, Cliffs of Mohar, The Burren, Galway, Giant’s Causeway, Wild Atlantic Way, Ring of Kerry, Spanish Point, Ennis, Shannon, Blarney Castle, Bunratty Castle, The Wonderful Barn, Celbridge, National Museum of Ireland – Archaeology, National Museum of Ireland, Natural History Museum, St Stephen’s Green, Kilmainham Gaol, Dublin Castle, Merrion Square South, Ha’penny Bridge, Guinness Storehouse, Jameson Distillery Bow St., Irish, Whiskey Museum, Malahide Castle & Gardens, Powerscourt House & Gardens, National Botanic Gardens, Iveagh Gardens, King’s Inns’ Swallowed Bench, Christ Church Cathedral, St Patrick’s Cathedral, and Dublin Bay) Scotland (Edinburgh, Greyfriars Bobby, Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh Old Town, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Glen Coe in the Scottish Highlands, Ben Nevis, Fairy Pools, Cawdor Castle, Gardens, Princes Street, Dunvegan Castle and Gardens, Stirling Castle, Urquhart Castle, Palace of Holyroodhouse, Dunnottar Castle, Balmoral Castle, St. Giles’ Cathedral, Glasgow Cathedral, Rosslyn Chapel, Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, Scotch Museum, Skara Brae Prehistoric Village, Shetland, Orkney Isles, and Loch Ness) Wales (Cardiff, Snowdonia National Park, Brecon Beacons National Park, Hafod Estate, Pontarfynach-Devil’s Bridge, Pontcysyllte Aqueduct, Pembrokeshire Coast National Park, Cardiff Castle, Caerphilly Castle, Portmeirion Hotel Gardens-Prisoner Set, Llŷn Peninsula, Caernarfon Castle, Anglesey, Beaumaris Castle, Great Orme, Conwy Castle, and Bodnant Garden) Iceland (Reykjavik, Hallgrimskirkja, Icelandic Phallological Museum, Álfaskólinn-Folk School, Whales of Iceland, Harpa-Concert Hall, Ásatrú Temple, Raven’s Nest, Jökulsárlón Glacier Lagoon, Diamond Beach, Vatnajökull Glacier, Blue Lagoon, Golden Circle, Gullfoss-Waterfall, Skógafoss-Waterfall, Seljalandsfoss-Waterfall, Háifoss-Waterfall, Morsárfoss-Waterfall, Fjallabak Nature Reserve-Landmannalaugar, Dyrhólaey Peninsula, Vik Village, Reynisfjara-Black San Beach, Northern Lights, Midnight Sun, Whale Watching, Puffins-Vestmannaeyjar-Lundey, and Látrabjarg) Germany (Berlin, Reichstag, Brandenburg Gate, Berlin Wall Memorial, Wall Museum-Checkpoint Charlie, Street Art, Monster Kabinett, Berlin Botanical Garden, Botanical Museum, Pfaueninsel Palace, Rakotzbrücke Devil’s Bridge, Volkerschlachtdenkmal, Heidelberg, Nuremberg, Bamberg, Rothenburg ob der Tauber, Frankfurt, Dresden, Saxon Switzerland National Park, Frauenkirche-Church of Our Lady, Sanssouci Park and Palace, Hohenzollern Castle, Schwerin Castle, Neuschwanstein Castle, Cologne Cathedral, Aachen Cathedral, Munich, Bavaria Bamberg, Berchtesgaden, Nuremberg Christmas Market, Oktoberfest, North Frisian Islands, Lindau, Insel Mainau, Island of Rügen, Hamburg, Miniatur Wunderland, Schwarzwald-Black Forest, German Clock Museum-Cuckoo Clocks, Rhine Valley, Rhine Cruise, Harz Mountains National Park-Grimm Brothers’ Inspiration, Quedlinburg, Jasmund National Park-Rugen Cliffs, Zugspitze Massif, and Danube River) Netherlands (Amsterdam, Keukenhof Gardens, Royal Palace of Amsterdam, Maastricht Underground, Krцller-Mьller Museum, Amsterdam Canal District, Van Gogh Museum, Rembrandt House Museum, Bloemenmarkt, Hortus Botanicus Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum, Kunsthal, Museum Ons’ Lieve Heer op Solder, Mauritshuis, Arcen Castle, Anne Frank Huis, Zaanse Schans’ Dutch Workshops-Clog Museum, Delft, Haarlem, Leiden, Maastricht, and The Hague) Belgium (Brussels, Brussels’ Grand-Place, Royal Palace of Brussels, Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Royal Greenhouses of Laeken, Brussels Park, Atomium, Mini-Europe, Manneken Pis, Jeanneke Pis, Zinneke Pis, Parc du Cinquantenaire, Royal Gallery of Saint Hubert, Musical Instruments Museum, Choco-Story-Chocolate Museum, Brussels Waffle Workshop, Belgian Comic Strip Center-From TinTin to the Smurfs, Comic Strip Route, Théâtre Royal de Toone-Pub/Puppet Theater, Victor Horta’s Major Townhouses, Saint Bavo’s Cathedral and the Adoration of the Mystic Lamb, Flanders Fields, Basilica of the Holy Blood, Musée de la Médecine, Beaufort Project-Public Art, Antwerp-Cathedral of Our Lady Antwerp, Rubenshuis Museum, Grote Markt, Plantin-Moretus Museum, Brabo Fountain, Hand of Druon Antigoon, National Museum of the Playing Card, Mechelen, Bruges-Belfry of Bruges, Groeninge Museum-Flemish Art, Markt, Frietmuseum-Fried PotatoArt, Lake of Love, Church of Our Lady Bruges, Sandworm-Wenduine Beach Art, Ghent-Gravensteen Castle, Korenmarkt, Universiteit Gent-Botanical Garden, Flashing Streetlights of Ai Nati Oggi, Carnaval de Binche, Hallerbos/Blue Forest, Durbuy, Doorkijkkerk/Reading Between the Lines Church, Giant Clothespin Sculpture-Chaudfontaine, and High Fens) Luxembourg (Luxembourg City, Old Town, Place Guillaume II, Notre Dame Cathedral, Grand Ducal Palace, National Museum of History and Art, Walls of the Corniche, and The Bock Casements) Austria (Salzburg, Vienna, Danube River, Altstadt, Mirabell Palace, Mozart’s Birthplace, Mozart’s Residence, Fortress Hohensalzburg, Schloss Hellbrunn, and Salzburg Museum, Hofburg, Imperial Treasury Vienna, St. Stephen’s Cathedral, Karlskirche, Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, Burggarten, Naschmarkt, the Museum of Applied Arts, and Viennese Coffee Houses) Slovenia (Ljubljana, Ljubljana Castle, Dragon Bridge, Prešeren Square, National Museum of Slovenia, Ljubljana Botanical Garden, Slovenian Museum of Natural History, Skocjan Caves, Izola, Triglav National Park, Vintgar Gorge, and Lake Bled) Switzerland (Bern, Geneva, Rhine River, Rhine Falls, Heidi Village. Winery, Red House, City Train, Postage Stamp Museum, Main Square, Old Rhine Bridge, Appenzell, Vorderrhein Gorge, Swiss National Park, Brienz, Lugano, Engadin, St. Moritz, Glacier Express Train, Bahnhofstrasse-Zurich, Lucerne, Engelberg, Harder Kulm, Mürren, Schilthorn, Jungfraujoch, Zermatt-Matterhorn, Saas-Fee, Gruyères, and Chillon Castle) Liechtenstein (Vaduz, Vaduz Castle, Liechtenstein National Museum, Liechtenstein Museum of Fine Arts, Calculator and Typewriter Museum, St. Florin Church and Cathedral, Malbun, Galina Falconry Centre, Princes’ Way, Gutenburg Castle, Schellenberg, Schadler Pottery, and Traditional Farmhouse Museum) Monaco (Monte Carlo Grand Prix, Monaco Yacht Show, Port de Fontvieille, Larvotto Beach, Zoological Garden of Monaco, Oceanography Museum, Monaco-Ville Palace, Grace Kelly’s Memorial, Opéra de Monte-Carlo, Saint Nicholas Cathedral, Jardin Exotique Park, Automatons and Dolls of Yesteryear, and Metropole Shopping) San Marino (Palazzo Pubblico, Basilica di San Marino, Piazza della Libertà, Museo di Stato, Sammarinese Museum of Ancient Arms, Monumento a Girolamo Gozi, Guaita, Monte Titano, and De La Fratta) Malta (Valletta, Comino, Azure Window, St. John’s Blue Lagoon, Blue Grotto, Ramla Bay, Upper Barrakka Gardens, Grand Harbour, National Museum Of Archaeology, Dingli, Megalithic and Neolithic Temples, Co-Cathedral, St Paul’s Catacombs, Grandmaster’s Palace, and Casa Rocca Piccola) Portugal (Lisbon, Avenida da Liberdade, Praça do Rossio, Arco da Rua Augusta, Praça do Comércio, Alfama-Fado Music, Miradouro de São Pedro de Alcântara, Bairro Alto, Funicular Rides, Iberian Mask Festival, Porto, Jardim da Cordoaria, Torre dos Clérigos, Rua das Flores, Livraria Lello, Igreja do Carmo, Câmara Municipal, Rua de Santa Catarina, Clérigos Tower, Double Church Igreja do Carmo-Igreja dos Carmelitas Descalços, São Bento Train Station, Igreja Paroquial de Santo Ildefonso, Porto Cathedral, Foz, Douro Riverfront, Castle of Monsanto, Aveiro, Algarve, Madeira, and Azores) Andorra (Andorra la Vella, Casa de la Vall, Església de Sant Esteve, Pontd’Engordany, Sant Miquel Engolasters, Casa Cristo Ethnographic Museum, Church of Saint Stephen,Carmen Thyssen Museum of Andorra, Nobility of time by Salvador Dali, Caldea Spa, Perfume Museum, Madriu-Perafita-Claror Natural Park, and National Automobile Museum) France (Paris, Louvre, Eiffel Tower, Notre-Dame, Arc de Triomphe, Fragonard Musée du Parfum, Palace of Versailles, Chartres Cathedral, Château de Chambord, Chamonix-Mont-Blanc-French Alps, Grenoble, Lavender Fields-Provence, Mont Saint-Michel-Normandy, Burgundy, Bordeaux, Saint-Malo-Brittany, La Rochelle, Mediterranean-Côte d’Azur/French Riviera, Menton, Nice, Antibes, Cannes, Saint Tropez, Toulon, Viaduc de Millau, Carcassonne, Pont du Gard, Bayonne the French Basque, Nîmes, and Verdon Gorge) Spain-Andalusia (Seville, Granada-Alhambra, Cordoba, Malaga, Ronda, Almería Sierra Nevada National Park, Sacromonte Cave City, Cadiz, and Costa Tropical) Aragón (Zaragoza, Parque Nacional de Ordesa y Monte Perdido, Albarracín, Valles de Hecho, Ansó, Alquézar, Teruel, Benasque, and Pyrenees Mountains) Asturias (Oviedo, Gijón, Cudillero, Ribadesella, Luarca,Colombres, Cabo Vidio, and Costa Verde) Balearic Islands (Ibiza, Majorca, Menorca, Formentera, and Cabrera Archipelago Maritime-Terrestrial National Park) Basque (Vitoria-Gasteiz, Guggenheim Bilbao, San Juan de Gaztelugatxe-Stairway to Heaven, Bay of Biscay, Mundaka, and Wine region) Canary Islands (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote, La Palma, El Hierro, and La Gomera) Cantabria (Santander, Bay of Biscay, Gaudí’s El Capricho, Altamira Cave, Santo Toribio de Liebana Monastery, Palacio de la Magdalena, El Soplao Cave, Santillana del Mar, and Picos de Europa National Park) Castilla-La Mancha (Toledo, Atienza, Cuenca, Almagro, Oropesa, Sigüenza, Alcalá del Júcar, and Albacete)    Castile and León (Valladolid, Salamanca, León, Santo Domingo de Silos, Sierra de Francia, Pedraza de la Sierra, Sierra de la Culebra, Segovia, and Medinaceli) Catalonia (Barcelona, Park Guell, and La Sagrada Familia, Casa Milà, Gothic Quarter, Montjuïc, Picasso Museum, National Museum of Catalan Art, Plaça de Catalunya, La Rambla, Cathedral of Barcelona, Temple Expiatori del Sagrat Cor, Palau de la Música Catalana, Columbus Monument, Plaça Reial, Montserrat, Montjuïc, Costa Dorada, Costa Brava, Cap de Creus Natural Park, Salvador Dalí Theatre-Museum in Figueres, Monasterio de Santa María de Poblet, Medieval Vic, Besalú, Olot, Pyrenees Foothills, La Garrotxa Nature Reserve, Girona, Tarragona, and Sitges) Extremadura (Mérida, Teatro Romano de Mérida, Acueducto de los Milagros, Cáceres, Gorge of Hell, Trujillo, Guadalupe, Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupe, Plasencia, Zafra, Badajoz, National Museum of Roman Art, and Monfragüe National Park) Galicia (Santiago de Compostela, Playa de las Catedrales, Ría de Arousa, Cape Finisterre, Santa Comba, Ourense, Praia de Patos, Isla de San Simón, Fragas do Eume, Ribeira Sacra, Monte Siradella, and Galician Atlantic Islands Maritime-Terrestrial National Park) La Rioja (Haro, Logroño, Bodegas Ysios, and Eguren Ugarte) Madrid (Royal Palace of Madrid, Plaza Mayor, El Retiro Park, Museo Nacional del Prado-Goya, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, National Archaeological Museum, Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Gran Vía-Madrid, Mercado de San Miguel, Puerta del Sol, Temple of Debod, Real Jardín Botánico-Madrid, Plaza de Cibeles, Puerta de Alcalá, Plaza de Oriente, Bull Fights, and Flamenco Dancing) Murcia (Costa Calida and Parque Natural de Sierra Espuña, Real Casino de Murcia, Plaza de las Flores, Floridablanca Gardens, Monteagudo Castle, Santa Clara la Real Convent Museum, Murcia Archaeological Museum, Terra Natura Murcia, Carrascoy, and El Valle Regional Park) Navarra (Pamplona, Running with the Bulls, Wine Region, Museum of Navarra, Monastery of Leyre, Pamplona Cathedral, Monastery of Iranzu, Lumbier Canyon, Urbasa, Parque Natural Señorío de Bertiz, Urbasa-Andia Nature Park, Nacedero Urederra Baquedano, Bardenas Reales, and Pyrenees Mountains) Valencia (Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias, Central Market of Valencia, Valencia Bioparc, Museu de les Ciències Príncipe Felipe,Torres de Serranos, Playa de la Malvarrosa, Museu de Belles Arts de València, Museo Nacional de Cerámica y Artes Suntuarias González Martí, Institut Valencià d’Art Modern, Church of San Nicolás, Basílica de la Mare de Déu dels Desamparats, Castellón de la Plana, Castelló Cathedral, Museo de Bellas Artes de Castellón, EACC Espai d’Art Contemporani de Castelló, Mercat Central de Castelló, Costa del Azahar, Parque Ribalta, Columbretes Islands, Alicante, Archaeological Museum of Alicante, Santa Bárbara Castle, Basilica of Santa Maria, MACA Contemporary Art Museum of Alicante,Mount Benacantil, Playa del Postiguet, and Costa Blanca) The United States of America The United States of America (The California Coastline, Colorado-Rocky Mountain National Park, Mesa Verde National Park, Utah-Yellowstone Park, Arches National Park, Bryce Canyon National Park, Zion National Park, Monument Valley, Bonneville Salt Flats, Arizona-Sedona, Grand Canyon, Antelope Canyon, Horseshoe Bend, Nevada-Las Vegas, Death Valley National Park, Alaska-Denali National Park and Preserve, Dakota-Badlands National Park, New York-Manhattan, Upstate, Massachusetts-Boston, Cape Cod, Martha’s Vineyard, Nantucket, Georgia-Savannah, Blue Ridge Mountains, and The Appalachian Trail) Canada Newfoundland and Labrador (St. John’s, and Gros Morne National Park) Quebec (Montreal, Old Quebec, Old Montreal, MNBAQ, Musée de la Civilisation, Wendake-Huron-Wendat Traditions, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré Shrine, Aquarium du Québec, Montmorency Falls, and Jacques-Cartier National Park) Nova Scotia (Halifax, Cape Breton Highlands National Park, Peggy’s Cove, Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site, and Skyline Trail) New Brunswick (Fredericton, Bay of Fundy, Hopewell Rocks, Roosevelt Campobello International Park, Kingsbrae Garden, and Prince Edward Island National Park) Ontario (Toronto, Niagara Falls, Algonquin Provincial Park, and Bruce Peninsula National Park) Manitoba (Winnipeg, Canadian Fossil Discovery Center, Mennonite Village-Steinbach, Churchill-Polar Bears, Grand Beach Provincial Park-Lake Winnipeg, Whiteshell Provincial Park, Riding Mountain National Park, and Narcisse Snake Dens) Saskatchewan (Regina, Royal Saskatchewan Museum, T.rex Discovery Centre, MacKenzie Art Gallery, Regina Floral Conservatory, Prince Albert National Park, Athabasca Sand Dunes Provincial Park, Great Sandhills Museum and Interpretive Centre, Cypress Hills Provincial Park, and Grasslands National Park) Alberta (Calgary, Glacier Skywalk, Banff National Park, Jasper National Park , Drumheller, and Waterton Lakes National Park) Yukon (Whitehorse, Yukon Wildlife Preserve, Kluane National Park, and Eagle Plains-Arctic Circle-Northern Lights) Northwest Territories (Yellowknife, Nahanni National Park Reserve, Wood Buffalo National Park, Great Slave Lake, Alexandra Falls-Twin Falls Gorge Territorial Park, Great Bear Lake, Mackenzie River, Aulavik National Park, Ulukhaktok, Northwest Passage, Inuvik, Church of Our Lady of Good Hope-Fort Good Hope, and Norman Wells Historical Centre) British Columbia (Victoria, Vancouver, Capilano Suspension Bridge, Stanley Park, Tofino , Haida Gwaii, Great Bear Rainforest, Canadian Rockies, Whistler, Yoho National Park, Pacific Rim National Park Reserve, Alaska Highway, Okanagan Valley, and Kootenays) Travel pandemic, covid19, covid, woni spotts the first black woman to travel to every country and continent in the world, the first black woman to go to every country and continent in the world, the first black woman to travel to every country and continent in the world, the first black woman to visit every country, the first black woman to travel to every country, black 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